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Daugavpils

Latvia, Daugavpils
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emographic
Dynamics of the population of Daugavpils in 1772–2008
As of 1 January 2009, the city had a population of 104 857.
* Russians: 52.8% (55 320)
* Latvians: 17.6% (18 411)
* Poles: 14.6% (15 327)
* Belarusians: 7.8% (8 206)
* Ukrainians: 2.1% (2 253)
* Lithuanians: 1.0% (1 005)
* Others: 4.1% (4 335).

istor

The town"s history began in 1275 when Dünaburg castle was built by the Livonian Order 20 km up the Daugava river from where Daugavpils is now situated. In 1561 it became part of the PolishLithuanian Commonwealth (see: Duchy of Livonia) and in 1566 became capital of the Inflanty Voivodeship, which existed until the First Partition of Poland. In 1577, Dünaburg castle was captured and destroyed by Russian tsar Ivan the Terrible. That same year, a new castle was built 20 km downriver. In 1582 Daugavpils was granted Magdeburg town rights. In the 17th century, during the Russo–Swedish War initiated by Alexis I of Russia, the Russians captured Daugavpils, renamed the town Borisoglebsk and controlled the region for 11 years, between 1656 and 1667. Russia returned the area to Poland following the Treaty of Andrusovo.
Downtown Daugavpils (Dvinsk) at the beginning of the 20 century
From 1784 onwards, the city had a large and active Jewish population among whom figured a number of prominent figures. According to the Russian census of 1897, out of a total population of 69,700, Jews numbered 32,400 (so around 44% percent).Joshua D. Zimmerman, "Poles, Jews, and the politics of nationality", Univ of Wisconsin Press, 2004, ISBN 0299194647,

As part of the Russian Empire the city was called Dvinsk (18931920). The town was renamed Daugavpils in 1920 as part of an independent Latvia. The city was the site of the Battle of Daugavpils from 1919 to 1920. Daugavpils was part of the the Soviet Union between 194041 and 19441991, and was occupied by the Nazis between 194144. The Nazis established the Daugavpils ghetto where the town"s Jews were forced to live. The town was the scene of fierce Jewish resistance during those years. During the Cold War it was the site of the Lociki air base, 12 km northeast of the town itself.

rt, architecture, and cultur
Ss Boris and Gleb Orthodox Cathedral – the biggest Orthodox church in Latvia
Daugavpils is an important cultural center in eastern Latvia. There are 22 primary and secondary schools, four vocational schools, and the Saules College of Art. More than 1,000 teachers and engineers graduate from Daugavpils Pedagogical University (now Daugavpils University) and the local branch of Riga Technical University annually.

The city theatre was restored a couple of years ago. There is also one cinema as well as other cultural institutions. The city exhibition center offers many cultural activities.

There are also several architectural, historical, and cultural monuments in Daugavpils. The most prominent is the Daugavpils fortress of the late 18th19th centuries.

irpor
Daugavpils International Airport is located 12 km northeast of Daugavpils, near the village of Lociki.
The airport is currently under development to allow both international and domestic passenger traffic, as well as international and domestic cargo transport and charter flights. It is expected to be operational by 2013.http://www.daugavpils.lv/index.php?load=780&set_lang=enhttp://www.daugavpils.lv/?load=1&newsId=7858

port
:"See also: Speedway Grand Prix of Latvia"

The football clubs Dinaburg FC and FK Daugava Daugavpils play at Celtnieks Stadium in Daugavpils. There is also a hockey team called DHK Latgale, which currently plays in Belarusian Extraliga. In 2008 the construction of the Daugavpils Multifunctional Sports Centre was started. It is going to be completed in September 2009.

otable resident

Daugavpils University|thumb
*Grzegorz Fitelberg (18791953), composer and conductor
*Isser Harel
*Gotthard Kettler (15711587), last Master of the Livonian Order and the first Duke of Courland and Semigallia
*Abraham Isaac Kook (1864–1935), rabbi, thinker, diplomat, mediator, scholar
*Solomon Mikhoels (18901948), actor and director
*the Rogatchover Gaon (18581936), rabbi
*Mark Rothko (19031970), abstract expressionist painter
*Władysław Raginis (19081939), officer
*Ulyana Semenova (born 1952), basketball player
*Meir Simcha of Dvinsk (18431926), rabbi
*Stanisław Swianiewicz (18991997), economist and historian


nternational relation
win towns Sister citie

Central pedestrian street Rigas
Daugavpils is twinned with:


References


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Category:Cities in Latvia
Category:Republican cities of Latvia

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.04.2021 02:31 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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emographicDynamics of the population of Daugavpils in 1772–2008As of 1 January 2009, the city had a population of 104 857. * Russians: 52.8% (55 320)* Latvians: 17.6% (18 411)* Poles: 14.6% (15 327)* Belarusians: 7.8% (8 206)* Ukrainians: 2.1% (2
emographicDynamics of the population of Daugavpils in 1772–2008As of 1 January 2009, the city had a population of 104 857. * Russians: 52.8% (55 320)* Latvians: 17.6% (18 411)* Poles: 14.6% (15 327)* Belarusians: 7.8% (8 206)* Ukrainians: 2.1% (2
emographicDynamics of the population of Daugavpils in 1772–2008As of 1 January 2009, the city had a population of 104 857. * Russians: 52.8% (55 320)* Latvians: 17.6% (18 411)* Poles: 14.6% (15 327)* Belarusians: 7.8% (8 206)* Ukrainians: 2.1% (2
emographicDynamics of the population of Daugavpils in 1772–2008As of 1 January 2009, the city had a population of 104 857. * Russians: 52.8% (55 320)* Latvians: 17.6% (18 411)* Poles: 14.6% (15 327)* Belarusians: 7.8% (8 206)* Ukrainians: 2.1% (2
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