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Cuneo

Italy, Cuneo
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"Cuneo" ("Coni" in Piedmontese) is a city and "comune" in Piedmont, northern aly, the capital of the province of Cuneo, the third largest of aly’s provinces by area. is located at the foot of the Maritime Alps, on the Stura di Demonte river where it emerges from the Valle Stura, and neighbours the communes of Boves, Cervasca, Vignolo, Beinette, Peveragno, Castelletto Stura, Caraglio and Tarantasca.
Church of St. Francis.
istor
Cuneo was founded in 1198 by the local population, who declared it an independent commune, freeing themselves from the authority of the bishops of Asti and the marquisses of Montferrat and Saluzzo. In 1210 the latter occupied it, and in 1231 the Cuneesi rebelled. In 1238 they were recognized as free commune by Emperor Frederick II.

In 1259 the independence of Cuneo ceased forever, as it gave itself, also to take protection against its more powerful neighbours, to Charles I of Anjou, who was then King of Naples and Count of Provence. Together with Alba, it was the main Angevine possession in northern aly; their rule (in fact interrupted by periods under Saluzzo, Savoy, the Visconti of Milan) ended in 1382 when Cuneo was acquired by the Duchy of Savoy.

Cuneo became an important stronghold of the expanding Savoy state, and was thus besieged by France several times: first in 1515 by Swiss troops of Francis I of France, then again in 1542, 1557, 1639, 1641, 1691 and, during the War of Austrian Succession, in 1741. In all the sieges Cuneo resisted successfully. Cuneo was conquered by France only during the Napoleonic Wars, when it was made the capital of the Stura dèpartment. After the restoration of the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the unification of aly, Cuneo became the capital of its namesake province in 1859.

During World War II, from 1943 to 1945, it was one of the main centres of partisan resistance against the German occupation of aly.

ain sight
*Villa Oldofredi Tadini, built in the 14th-15th century as a watchtower. is now a museum housing collections of the owners, the Mocchia and Oldofredi Tadini families.
*Villa Tornaforte, surrounded by an English-style park.
*Civic Museum
*Railway Museum
*Churches of Santa Croce, San Giovanni Decollato and Santissima Annunziata, housing paintings by Giovan Francesco Gaggini.

otable peopl

*Annibale Santorre di Rossi de Pomarolo, Count of Santarosa (1783–1825), early Risorgimento leader.
*Franco Andrea Bonelli (1784–1830), ornithologist, entomologist and collector.
*Giuseppe Peano (1858–1932), mathematician.
*Giorgio Federico Ghedini (1892–1965), composer.
*Tancredi "Duccio" Galimberti (1906–1944), a lawyer, against fascists, alian National Hero. (in alian)
*Nuto Revelli (1919–2004), partisan and writer.
*Michele Ferrero (born 1927), chocolate magnate and owner of Ferrero SpA (Nutella, Mon Chéri, Ferrero Rocher, Tic Tacs).
*Alviero Martini (born c.1940), fashion designer.
*Cesare Damiano (born 1948), politician.
*Piergiorgio Odifreddi (born 1950), mathematician, logician and aficionado of the history of science.
*Livia Turco (born 1955), politician.

uisine and foo
Cuneo"s specialty is "Cuneesi al rhum", chocolates with a unique rum-based filling. The most famous brand is Arione, located in Piazza Galimberti (the city"s central square). Arione, founded in 1923, has kept its traditional furniture and old world appearance to this day, projecting timeless old-fashioned elegance. Many famous people have stopped by to taste the famous Cuneesi al rhum, including the famous writer Ernest Hemingway in 1954.

winning
* Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz, Argentina
* Nice, France
* Chambéry, France

Cuneo is also twinned with the contrada della Selva of Siena, aly.



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Category:Cities and towns in Piedmont

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.07.2019 05:21 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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