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Cottbus

Germany, Cottbus
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"Cottbus" (Lower Sorbian: "Chóśebuz") is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km southeast of Berlin on the River Spree. As of 31 December, 2005, its population was 101,785.

History
The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town"s name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side-by-side with the Sorbs. In medieval times Cottbus was known for wool, and the town"s drapery was exported all over the Brandenburg, Bohemia and Saxony. In 1462 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg; in 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lower Lusatia were ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia.

From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Cottbus was part of the German Democratic Republic.

Culture and education

Cottbus is the cultural centre of the Lower Sorbian minority. Many signs in the town are bilingual, and there is a Lower Sorbian-medium "Gymnasium", but Sorbian is rarely spoken on the streets.

Next to Cottbus is the famous Park of Branitz, created by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau after 1845.

Cottbus is also home to the Brandenburg Technical University (BTU) and the maths/science-oriented , one of Germany"s best schools in international competitions, named after the physicist Max Steenbeck.

Every year Cottbus hosts the East European Film Festival.

Cottbus has a football (soccer) team called Energie Cottbus currently playing in the 2nd Division.

Power generation
There are several coal-fired power stations in the area around Cottbus (Lausitz). The biggest stations are "Schwarze Pumpe" (1600 MW), "Boxberg" (1900 MW) and "Jänschwalde" (3000 MW).



International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Cottbus is twinned with:


References


See also
*Cottbus Air Base
*Cottbus-Drewitz Airport
*Cottbus-Neuhausen Airport
*Klinge

External links

* (Sorbian)
*






Category:Cities in Brandenburg

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 28.06.2022 10:29 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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