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Cospicua

Malta, Cospicua
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"Cospicua" () is a double-fortified harbour city on the Mediterranean island of Malta. It is the largest of the Three Cities. It was also given a title as "Citta" Cottonera", but erroneously the title is now used to define the whole region. It is situated between the other two towns which make up Cottonera which are Vittoriosa (Birgu) and Senglea (Isla). These three towns form part of the area surrounding the Grand Harbour and are found on the eastern side of the capital city Valletta. Its population is of 5,642 (Nov 2005).



istor

Cospicua was inhabited since Neolithic times and the last to be fortified. Its lines of majestic bastions, built by the Knights of Malta, are a sight to behold for sheer size and magnitude. In 1722, Grand Master Marc"Antonio Zondadari declared it a city and in view of its strong bastions named it Città Cospicua.

Its maritime facilities started during ancient times around the Phoenician era c. 600 B.C. In 1776 the Order of St. John started to construct a dockyard, which was to play a vital role in the development of this city. During the reign of the British Empire, the navy made extensive use of the dockyard, particularly during the Crimean, First World War and during the years preceding the Second World War. As Malta became an independent country, the dockyard (now in government hands) became one of the most economic controversies of the island, and was often the bone of contention between the General Workers Union, to which most of its employees belonged and subsequent governments. It was only in recent years that the dockyard has been downsized and plans are now underway for the transformation of an area of the dockyard into a commercial and tourist centre.

Like any town in the Maltese islands, the importance of Cospicua cannot be measured simply in terms of its economic sector. The people of the city have long heralded it as "Belt l-Immakulata" or the City of the Immaculate—in this case referring to the Immaculate Conception or the Virgin Mary, who is the patron of the city. The residents" love for their patron and the church dedicated to Her is deep rooted, and a matter which ties together several strains of national, cultural, church, and political history. Needless to say, this profound devotion has been the flame that has driven the Cospicuan spirit throughout its storied history.

amous Cospicua resident

It was the hometown of Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici, a leading lawyer and a former Prime Minister and leader of the Labour Party. Dr.Ugo Mifsud Bonnici, was a former Minister and also a former President of the Republic.

Cospicua is also the birthplace and hometown of Dom Mintoff, former Prime Minister and leader of The Malta Labour Party, as well as an influential veteran politician in his own right. Cospicua was also the home town of leading linguist Erin Serracino Inglott as well as numerous other professionals who led and still lead the country"s civil service.

ultur
In Cospicua, people have grown a strong working class belief since many people living in Cospicua belong to the middle class and many local leading political figures were and are still loyal to Cospicua.

Cospicua celebrates its feast which is held annually on 8 December in honour of the Immaculate Conception. Cospicua is very famous for its set of statues regarding Good Friday. The people of Cospicua started the famous and artistic first "Mejda ta" L-Appostli", which literally means, the table of the Apostles. It consists of a display showing the food that was eaten during the Last Supper of Jesus and the 12 Apostles. It also consists of different stories of the Bible, made with coloured rice and salt, on plates (these are done separately). Other towns tried to copy the table, but were unsuccessful to beat Cospicua"s fame, and, in fact, Cospicua is still regarded as the only place to visit during the week of Good Friday. In this city, other exhibitions of small statues are held. Cospicua is also famous for its statue of the Resurrection of Jesus and its traditional run with this statue (to symbolize Jesus" triumph over death).

Cospicua"s football team is the St. George"s F.C., the oldest on the island. Though the club was officially founded in 1890, documentation shows that by 1885 there were already three football teams at Cospicua. Besides many other cups that this team won during its first years, the only National League Title was won in 1917.

Cospicua is also famous for its Regatta team, which was one of the first. This team won 16 shields (titles) overall, only second to Senglea (who won 19).

One of the first scout groups was in fact the Cospicua First Scout Group.



ourist attraction

* Bir Mula Heritage - an ethnography, social history, anthropology museum and cultural venue
* Churches
* Fortifications
* The Georgian Architecture at the Dock area
* Local streets and alleys
* Dar it-Tama (built by the Knights of Malta)
* 8 December feast, and the Immaculate Conception"s Statue
* Easter Sunday and the statue of the Resurrection (this is considered as the most famous and recognizable statue of the Resurrection in Malta)
* St.Helen"s Gate also known as Vilhena Gate which forms part of the Santa Margherita lines

ity Cor

*Misraħ Gavino Gulia (Gavino Gulia Square)
*Triq il-Bieb ta" Bormla (Cospicua Gate Street)
*Triq il-Gendus (Bull Street)
*Triq il-Kampnar (Bell-Coat Street)
*Triq il-Pellegrinaġġ (Pilgrimage Street)
*Triq l-Iljun (Lion Street)
*Triq l-Oratorju (Oratory Street)
*Triq San Franġisk (St. Frances Street)
*Triq San Pawl (St. Paul Street)
*Triq Sant" Andrija (St. Andrews Street)
*Triq Santa Tereża (St. Theresa Street)
*Triq Sofija (Sophie Street)
*Triq Srejdek (Srejdek Street)
*Xatt ta" Bormla (Cospicua Strand)

ospicua Community Servic

*Bormla Local Council, Misraħ Santa Margerita (St. Margreth Square)

*Bormla District Police Headquarters, Triq San Pawl (St. Paul Street)

*Immaculate Conception Parish Church, Triq il-Gendus (Bull Street)
*Missionaries of Charity Chapel, Triq San Pawl (St. Paul Street)
*St. Theresa"s Church
*St. Margreth"s Monastery, Misraħ Bormla (Cospicua Square)

*St. George"s Football Club Headquarters, (near the Parish church)

*Cospicua Health Centre, Triq is-Sofija (Sophie Street)

*Bormla Area Library, Triq Xandru (Alexander Street)

*Bormla Branch Post Office, Triq Fuq San Pawl (Fuq San Pawl Road)

*Cospicua MLP Club, Triq Santa Tereża (St. Theresa Street)
*Cospicua MLP Youths Club, Triq Nelson (Nelson Street)

and Club

*St. George Band Club (Każin tal-Banda San Ġorġ)
The St. George Band Club was officially founded in 1862. Its first name was "La Banda dei Cospicuani" but when Giorgio Crispo Barbaro, Marquis of St. George became first president of the Band, the name was changed to the present one. Special dates that are accociated with the band are 1905- coronation of the Imm. Conception, 1944 pilgrimage from Birkirkara to Cospicua with the Statue and Altar Image of the Imm. Conception. 1962- 100th Anniversary of the club, 1987-125th ann. of the Band Club and 2002-140th Anniversary. The band participates in most of the citie"s feasts, most important are Good Friday and the feast of the Immaculate Conception celebrated on the 8th of December.

edited by Simon Ellul AMusLCM

ormla Local Counci

*Joseph Scerri (mayor, PL)
*Alison Zerafa (vice-mayor, PL)
*Ray Balzan (PL)
*John Vella (PL)
*James Cauchi (PN)
*Pablo Cachia Belli (PL)
*Rodrick Mamo (PL)

opulation by every Censu

*1901: 12,148 people
*1921: 11,536 people
*1931: 12,163 people
*1948: 4,822 people
*1957: 9,095 people
*1967: 9,123 people
*1985: 7,731 people
*1995: 6,085 people
*2005: 5,657 people

ones in Borml

*Dock No. 1
*Fortini ta" Feliċ
*Fuq Verdala
*Kortina San Nikola
*San Ġwann t"Għuxa
*Tal-Hawli (touching both Cospicua and Vittoriosa)
*Fuq San Pawl
*Fuq Verdala
*Ta" Santa Liena
*Tal-Foss
*Xatt ta" Bormla

Bormla Main Roads

*Misraħ Gavino Gulia (Gavino Gulia Square)
*Triq il-Ġdida (New Street)
*Triq il-Ġublew tal-Fidda (Silver Jubile Street)
*Triq il-Kottonera (Cottonera Road)
*Triq il-Kunċizzjoni (Conception Street)
*Triq it-Tliet Ibliet (Three Cities Road)
*Triq l-Immakulata (Immaculate Street)
*Triq San Franġisk (St Frances Street)
*Triq San Gorg (St. George"s Street)
*Triq San Ġwann t"Għuxa
*Triq San Nikola (St Nicholas Street)
*Triq San Pawl (St Paul Street)
*Triq Santa Tereża (St Theresa Street)
*Triq Wiġi Rosato (Luigi Rosato Street)
*Xatt ta" Bormla (Cospicua Strand)

See also

*Bormla M.U.S.E.U.M Branch

External links
*




Category:Mediterranean port cities and towns in Malta
Category:Towns in Malta
Category:Local councils of Malta

ca:Cospicua
de:Cospicua
es:Bormla
fr:Bormla
it:Cospicua
mt:Bormla
nl:Cospicua
pl:Bormla
pt:Cospicua
ru:Бормла
scn:Cospicua
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.11.2017 06:49 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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