Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Civitavecchia

Italy, Civitavecchia
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  


| footnotes =
}}
"Civitavecchia" is a town and "comune" of the province of Rome in the central Italian region of Latium. A sea port on the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is located 80 kilometers west-north-west of Rome, across the Mignone river. The harbor is formed by two moles and a breakwater, on which is a lighthouse.

Civitavecchia means "ancient town".

istor
Civitavecchia in 1795, etching by William Marlow.
The modern city was built over a pre-existing Etruscan settlement.

The harbor was constructed by the Emperor Trajan at the beginning of the 2nd century. The first occurrence of the name ""Centum Cellae"" is from a letter by Pliny the Younger (AD 107). The origin of the name is disputed: it has been suggested that it could refer to the "centum" ("hundred") halls of the villa of the emperor.

In the high Middle Ages, "Centumcellae" was a Byzantine stronghold. Captured by the Saracens in 828, it was later acquired by the Papal States.

The place became a free port under Pope Innocent XII in 1696. The main port of Rome in modern era, it was occupied by the French in 1849. On April 16, 1859 the Rome and Civitavecchia Rail Road was opened for service.
The Papal troops opened the gates of the fortress to the Italian general Nino Bixio in 1870.

During World War II, Civitavecchia was severely damaged by Allied bombings, which caused several civilian casualties.

conom
Civitavecchia is today a major cruise and ferry port, the main starting point for sea connection from central Italy to Sardinia, Sicily, Malta,Tunis and Barcelona. Fishing has a secondary importance.

The city is also the seat of two thermal power stations. The conversion of one of them to carbon has raised the population"s protests, as it has been suggested it could create heavy pollution.

ain sight
*The massive "Forte Michelangelo" ("Michelangelo"s fort") was first commissioned from Bramante by Pope Julius II, to defend the port of Rome, and was completed in 1535 by Giuliano Leno and Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, under Paul III. The upper part of the "maschio" tower, however, was designed by Michelangelo, whose name is generally applied to the fortress. The edifice, measuring 100 x 82 m, has four towers with a diameter of 21 m. The main tower, of octagonal shape, has sides of 12 m. The walls have an impressive thickness of 6-7.6 m. The fortress was built over an ancient Roman construction, probably the barracks of the "classiarii" ("mariners") of the Imperial Fleet.
*The Rocca ("castle"), re-built in the late 15th century by Pope Sixtus V. A "Palazzo Apostolico" was added by Pius IV in the 16th century.
*The cathedral of "San Francesco d"Assisi" was built by the Franciscans over a pre-existing small church built from 1610. The current edifice, with Baroque-Neoclassical lines, was erected in the eighteenth century.
*North of the city at Ficoncella are the Terme Taurine baths frequented by Romans and still popular with the Civitavecchiesi. The modern name stems from the fig plants among the various pools.
*Next to the town is the location of the cruise ship docks that service all of the Rome area. All major cruise lines start and end their cruises at this location, and many others stop for shore excursion days that allow guests to see Rome and Vatican sights, which are about 90 minutes away.

eograph
limat
Civitavecchia experiences a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification "Csa").


|accessdate=2009-06-03}}

nternational relation

win towns and sister citie
Civitavecchia is twinned with:
* Amelia, Italy
* Bethlehem, Palestinian Authority, (since 2000) Bethlehem Municipality.
* Ishinomaki, Japan
* Nantong, China
* Tivat, Montenegro

ee als
*Civitavecchia di Arpino exists in the province of Frosinone (Lazio).

References


xternal link

*
*
*



Category:Coastal towns in Lazio
Category:Renaissance sites of the Lazio
Category:Roman sites of the Lazio
Category:Mediterranean port cities and towns in Italy

ar:تشيفيتافيكيا
bcl:Civitavecchia
bg:Чивитавекия
ca:Civitavecchia
de:Civitavecchia
es:Civitavecchia
eo:Civitavecchia
fr:Civitavecchia
id:Civitavecchia
it:Civitavecchia
jv:Civitavecchia
la:Centumcellae
nl:Civitavecchia
ja:チヴィタヴェッキア
nap:Civitavecchia
nn:Civitavecchia
pms:Civitavecchia
pl:Civitavecchia
pt:Civitavecchia
ro:Civitavecchia
ru:Чивитавеккья
scn:Civitavecchia
simple:Civitavecchia
fi:Civitavecchia
sv:Civitavecchia
roa-tara:Civitavecchia
uk:Чівітавеккія
ur:چیویتا ویکیا
vec:Civitavecia
vo:Civitavecchia
zh:奇维塔韦基亚
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.02.2021 19:50 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
"ROM", "Rom", or "rom" is an abbreviation and name that may refer to:n computers and mathematic* Read-only memory, a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. This tells the computer how to load the operating system.**
"ROM", "Rom", or "rom" is an abbreviation and name that may refer to:n computers and mathematic* Read-only memory, a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. This tells the computer how to load the operating system.**
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
There comes a time in everyone’s life when they have to address the age-old question: “What do you want to be when you grow up?” As a child, it’s easy to pick all the awesome jobs such as the president, an astronaut, or a rock star. However,
Jan Tombinski, Head of the EU delegation to Ukraine, expressed full support to the new Ukrainian government and stated that the country and the new government are facing a multiplied crisis which is why it is vital, among other things, to ensure
Hosts Brazil escaped Chile 3-2 on a penalty shoot-out to reach the World Cup quarter-finals Saturday, thanks to two saves from Julio Cesar, the goalpost and successful spot kicks from David Luiz, Marcelo and Neymar. Belo Horinzonte, Brazil (dpa) -
Germany became the first team in the history of the World Cup to reach four consecutive semi-finals with a 1-0 victory over France Friday and the media praised the men who achieved the feat. Berlin (dpa) - "Adieu, les Bleus!" screamed
Defenders Thiago Silva and David Luiz were both on target Friday in Fortaleza, where Brazil defeated Colombia 2-1 to book a place against Germany in the World Cup's semi-finals. Fortaleza, Brazil (dpa) - James Rodriguez pulled one back for Colombia
Germany dealt shell-shocked Brazil a remarkable 7-1 thrashing Tuesday to advance to the World Cup final, in a match that quickly turned into a nightmare for the host nation. Belo Horizonte, Brazil (dpa) - Thomas Mueller struck 11 minutes into the
Wetter

Rom


(25.02.2021 19:50)

6 / 11 °C


26.02.2021
4 / 7 °C
27.02.2021
4 / 8 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

How Short Attention Sp ...
Puigdemont won't seek ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum