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CHRONOLOGY Doping in Russia - a chronology

Europe, Europa
By our dpa-correspondent and Europe Online    auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  
Berlin (dpa) - A chronology of major events around revelations on systematic doping in Russian sport.

December 3, 2014 - German broadcaster ARD alleges systematic doping, the cover-up of controls and corruption in Russian sport. It provides secret recordings and witness statements to back up the allegations.

November 9, 2015 - The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) independent committee led by Richard McLaren and Dick Pound publishes its report on allegations of systematic doping in Russian elite sport. It recommends athletics governing body IAAF should suspend Russia from competition, and that five athletes and five coaches be given lifetime doping bans.

November 13 - The IAAF provisionally suspends the Russian federation in a move barring it from international track and field events.

June 17, 2016 - The IAAF says Russia‘s track and field team will be banned from taking part in the Rio Olympic Games in August. However, athletes who can prove that they are clean can apply to compete in Rio de Janeiro as "neutral" competitors.

July 18 - The first report from chief WADA investigator McLaren says a state-backed system was in place to cover up positive samples at the home Winter Games of 2014. A source for the investigations was Gregori Rodchenkov, the former head of the Moscow anti-doping laboratory, who revealed cover-up practices in the lab together with the Russian anti-doping agency RUSADA.

July 24 - The IOC decides against banning all Russian athletes from the Rio Olympics, leaving the decision to individual international federations who must assess potential Russian Olympians on strict criteria. Around 280 Russians eventually compete in Brazil.

December 9 - In the second part of his report, McLaren says an "institutional conspiracy" allowed athletes competing in summer, winter and Paralympic sports to benefit from manipulations to conceal positive doping tests. More than 1,000 athletes are implicated in Russia‘s programme of state-sponsored doping, the report says.

November 1, 2017 - Cross-country skiers Alexander Legkov and Evgeniy Belov are stripped of results from Sochi 2014 and banned from all future Games by the IOC as a commission, led by member Denis Oswald, reviews cases of alleged doping and manipulation of samples. In all, 43 Russian athletes are sanctioned.

December 5 - The IOC suspends the Russian Olympic Committee but says individual Russian athletes can compete as neutrals at the Pyeongchang Winter Games, after a strict vetting process conducted by the IOC.

January 9, 2018 - The CAS says that 42 of the 43 sanctioned Russians have lodged appeals, with proceedings to start concerning 39 of the athletes.

January 19 - The IOC announces that 111 Russians have failed to meet the criteria to compete at the Pyeongchang Games. They include six-time short track gold medallist Viktor Ahn, biathlon star Anton Shipulin and cross-country skier Sergey Ustiugov.

January 27 - The IOC confirms that 169 Russians can compete as "Olympic Athletes from Russia". Of those, speed skater Olga Graf rejects the invitation.

February 1 - 28 Russians have their Olympic bans and Sochi disqualifications overturned by CAS citing insufficient evidence. The 11 others have their life bans reduced to a 2018 Games ban but remain disqualified from Sochi.

February 5 - The IOC dismisses the request from 13 athletes and two former athletes turned coaches - from the group of 28 - to participate in Pyeongchang.

February 6 - CAS says 32 Russians - from the group of 111 not invited in the first place - are appealing the IOC decision.

February 7 - CAS says the 13 athletes and two coaches also appeal the February 5 decision.

February 8 - Six further Russian athletes and seven from their entourage also challenge the IOC‘s decision not to invite them, but CAS says it has no jurisdiction in the case.

February 9 - CAS dismisses the appeals from the total of 47 (in the Feb 6 and 7 applications) less than nine hours ahead of the Pyeongchang opening ceremony, saying the IOC vetting process "could not be described as a sanction but rather as an eligibility decision."

February 22 - Russian curler Alexandr Krushelnitckii is stripped of his Olympic bronze medal after he a positive test for the banned substance meldonium, CAS decides after opening proceedings on February 19.

February 24 - CAS confirms that Russian bobsledder Nadezhda Sergeeva tested positive for the banned substance trimetazidine and disqualifies her from the Games.

February 28 - The IOC lifts the suspension on Russia, three days after the closing ceremony of the Pyeongchang Games, after the outstanding doping test results from the Games return negative.


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