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Cholet

France, Cholet
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"Cholet" (probably from Latin "cauletum", "cabbage") is a commune in the Maine-et-Loire department of western France. It was the capital of military Vendée.

emographic
In 1906, the population was 16,554 and in 2006 : 54,632.

eograph
Cholet stands on an eminence on the right bank of the Moine, which used to be crossed by a bridge from the fifteenth century.

istor
The town owes the rise of its prosperity to the settlement of weavers there by Édouard Colbert, count of Maulévrier, a brother of the great Jean-Baptiste Colbert. It then became an estate of Gabriel François, Count de Rougé and Marquess of Cholet, who developed the city and its economy. The main commercial mall being built this year is named after him: The "Arcades Rougé".

During the early years of the French revolutionary wars, the town found itself at the heart of the counter-revolutionary struggle in the Vendée, culminating in October 1793 with the Battle of Cholet which was won by the republicans and followed by a period of brutal government repression.

Cholet hosted Stage 4 (Individual Time Trial) and was the departure of Stage 5 in the 2008 Tour de France.

ight

A public garden occupies the site of the old castle; the public buildings and churches, for example the "Church of the Sacred Heart" (1939), are modern.

Megalithic monuments are numerous in the neighborhood.

A textile museum ("Musée du Textile") exists to conserve the traditional machines used to create the famous handkerchiefs made in this town, as well as the techniques used to make them and the oral and local history associated with the industry.

conom
There are granite quarries in the vicinity of the town. The chief industry is the manufacture of linen and linen handkerchiefs, which is also carried on in the neighboring communes on a large scale. Woolen and cotton fabrics are also produced, and bleaching and the manufacture of preserved foods are carried on. Cholet is the most important center in France for the sale of fat cattle, sheep and pigs, for which Paris is the chief market.

win town
Cholet is twinned with:
* Oldenburg, Germany since 1985
* Dorohoi, Romania
* Solihull, United Kingdom
* Denia, Spain
* Sao, Burkina Faso - cooperation
* Pierre-De Saurel Regional County Municipality (Quebec, Canada) - twinning of the "communauté d"agglomération"

otable peopl
*Antoine Rigaudeau
*François Morellet

ee als
*Communes of the Maine-et-Loire department

eference
*
*


xternal link
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Category:Communes of Maine-et-Loire
Category:Subprefectures in France




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ru:Шоле
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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 20.11.2017 12:25 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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