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Chioggia

Italy, Chioggia
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| footnotes =
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Canal Vena
"Chioggia" (Venetan: "Cióxa", Latin: "Clodia") is a coastal town and "comune" of the province of Venice in the Veneto region of northern Italy.

eograph
The town is situated on a small island at the southern entrance to the Lagoon of Venice about 25 km south of Venice (50 km by road); causeways connect it to the mainland and to its "frazione" of Sottomarina. The population of the "comune" is around 51,000, with the town proper accounting for about half of that and Sottomarina for most of the rest.

istor
Chioggia and Sottomarina were not prominent in Antiquity, although they are first mentioned in Pliny as the "fossa Clodia". Local legend attributes this name to its founding by a "Clodius", but the antiquity of this belief is not known.

The name of the town has been changing depending on the historical period, being Clodia, Cluza, Clugia, Chiozza and Chioggia . The most ancient documents naming Chioggia dates from the 6th century AD, when it was part of the Byzantine Empire. Chioggia was destroyed by the King Pippin of Italy in the 9th century, but rebuilt around a new industry based on salt pans. In the Middle Ages, Chioggia proper was known as "Clugia major", whereas "Clugia minor" was a sand bar about 600 m further into the Adriatic. A free commune and an episcopal see from 1110, it had later an important role in the so-called War of Chioggia between Genoa and Venice, being conquered by Genoa in 1378 and finally by Venice in June 1380. Although the town remained largely autonomous, it was always thereafter subordinate to Venice.

ultur
Until the 19th century, women in Chioggia wore an outfit based on an apron which could be raised to serve as a veil. Chioggia is also known for lace-making; like Pellestrina, but unlike Burano, this lace is made using bobbins.

Chioggia served Carlo Goldoni as the setting of his play "Le baruffe chiozzotte", one of the classics of Italian literature: a "baruffa" was a loud brawl, and "chiozzotto" (today more frequently "chioggiotto" in Italian, or "cioxoto" in Venetan) is the demonym for Chioggia. Goldoni took his setting seriously: the play is replete with lacemaking, fishermen, and other local color.

ain sight
Chioggia is a miniature version of Venice, with a few canals, chief among them the Canale Vena, and the characteristic narrow streets known as "calli". Chioggia has several medieval churches, much reworked in the period of its greatest prosperity in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The church of S. Maria, founded in the eleventh century, became a cathedral in 1110, then was rebuilt from 1623 by Baldassare Longhena.

The church of St. Andrew (18th century) has a bell tower from the 11th-12th centuries, provided with the most ancient tower watch in the world. The interior has a "Crucifixion" by Palma the Elder.

conom
Fishing is historically the livelihood of the port, and remains a significant economic sector. Other important modern industries include textiles, brick-making and steel; and Sottomarina, with 60 hotels and 17 campgrounds, is almost entirely given over to seafront tourism.

emograph

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ersonalitie

*John Cabot
*Rosalba Carriera
*Aristide Cavallari
*Niccolò de" Conti
*Giovanni De Dondi
*Jacopo De Dondi

*Bruno Maderna
*Lina Merlin
*Giuseppe Olivi
*Stefano Andrea Renier
*Giuseppe Veronese
*Gioseffo Zarlino


nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Chioggia is twinned with:
* "Lamia" (Greece, 2007)
* "Saint-Tropez" (France, 2008)

rivi
Chioggia gives its name to a variety of Radicchio (Italian chicory).

ee als
*Chioggia railway station
*A.C. Chioggia Sottomarina

eference


xternal link

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Category:Cities and towns in the Veneto

ar:كيودجا
br:Chioggia
ca:Chioggia
cs:Chioggia
da:Chioggia
de:Chioggia
es:Chioggia
eo:Chioggia
fr:Chioggia
hr:Chioggia
id:Chioggia
it:Chioggia
la:Clodia Maior
nl:Chioggia
ja:キオッジャ
nap:Chioggia
no:Chioggia
nn:Chioggia
pms:Chioggia
pl:Chioggia
pt:Chioggia
ru:Кьоджа
sr:Кјођа
roa-tara:Chioggia
uk:Кіоджа
vec:Cióxa
vo:Chioggia
zh:基奧賈
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 27.05.2017 06:28 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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