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Charleroi

Belgium, Charleroi
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"Charleroi" ("King Charles", ) is the largest city and municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of , Belgium. On 1 January 2008, Charleroi had a total population of 201,593. Population of all municipalities in Belgium, as of 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of and has a total population of 522,522 as of 1 January 2008, which ranks it as the fifth most populous in Belgium. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Charleroi is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration ("agglomeratie") with 288,549 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings ("banlieue") gives a total of 405,236. And, including the outer commuter zone ("forensenwoonzone") the population is 522,522. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. The inhabitants are called "Carolorégiens" or simply "Carolos".

eograph
The municipality of Charleroi is situated on both banks of the river Sambre, in an area that is marked by industrial activities (coal mining and steel industry), the so-called "Pays Noir" ("black country"), part of the larger sillon industriel. Although most of the factories have closed since the 1950s, the landscape is still dotted with slag heaps and old industrial buildings.

Charleroi is around south of Brussels.

Municipality of Charleroi.
The municipality comprises:

and the following former municipalities, that were merged into Charleroi in 1977:


"Neighbouring" :


istor
Belfry of Charleroi|200px
rigin
The Charleroi area was already settled in the Prehistoric period, with traces of metallurgical and commercial activities along the Sambre. Several public buildings, temples and villas were built in that area in the Roman period. Burying places, with jewels and weapons, were also found. The first written mention of a place called Charnoy dates from a 9th-century offering in the Lobbes abbey, which lists various neighbouring towns and related tithe duties. During the Middle Ages, Charnoy was just one of the many small hamlets in the area, with no more than about 50 inhabitants, part of the County of Namur.

oundatio
The history of the city of Charleroi starts in 1666. In the spring of that year, Francisco Castel Rodrigo, Governor of the Netherlands at the service of the five-year-old Charles II of Spain, expropriated the area from the local lords to build a fortress near the Sambre. In September of that same year, the name Charnoy was officially replaced by that of the newly founded city of Charles-Roy (King Charles), so named in honour of Charles II. The chronogram F"V"N"D"AT"V"R "C"ARO"L"OREG"IVM" (MLCDVVVI), can be found in the register of the parish of Charnoy for the year 1666. A year later, Louis XIV’s armies under the command of Turenne besieged the unfinished fortress. Vauban completed the fortification work; the future city was granted its privileges; a bridge was built over the river; and free land was distributed to the inhabitants.

rom 1666 to the Belgian Revolutio

Shortly after its foundation, the new city was in turn besieged by the Dutch, ceded to the Spanish in 1678 (Treaty of Nijmegen), taken by the French in 1693, ceded again to the Spanish in 1698 (Treaty of Rijswijk), then taken by the French, the Dutch, and the Austrians in 1714 (Treaty of Baden). The French Prince of Conti took the city again in 1745, but it was ceded back to Austria in 1748, starting a period of prosperity under Joseph II. The glass, steel and coal industries, which had already sprung up a century earlier, could now flourish.

Trouble started again in 1790, year of the civil uprising that eventually led to the United States of Belgium. The Austrians occupied the city, were forced out by the French after the Battle of Jemappes on November 6, 1792, but took it back again four months later. On June 12, 1794, the French revolutionary Army of Sambre-et-Meuse under the command of Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, invested Charleroi and won a decisive victory in the ensuing Battle of Fleurus. The city took the revolutionary name of Libre-sur-Sambre until 1800. Napoleon stayed in Charleroi for a couple of days in June 1815, just before the Battle of Waterloo. After his defeat, the whole area was annexed to the Netherlands and new walls were built around the city.

rom 1830 until no
The Belgian Revolution of 1830 gave the area its freedom from the Netherlands and ushered in a new era of prosperity, still based mostly on glass, metallurgy, and coal, hence the area’s name of “Black Country” (in French "Pays Noir"). After the Industrial Revolution, Charleroi benefited from the increased use of coke in the metallurgical industry. People from all over Europe were attracted by the economic opportunities and the population grew rapidly. By 1871, the fortified walls around the city were completely torn down.
Heavy fighting took place in World War I because of the city’s strategic location on the Sambre. After World War II, Charleroi witnessed a general decline of its heavy industry. Following the merger with several surrounding municipalities in 1977, the city is today the largest city in Wallonia and the fourth largest in Belgium.

olitic
The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste or PS) has had a stronghold in Charleroi for some time. However, in October 2006, PS mayor Jacques Van Gompel was jailed on fraud and forgery charges. Léon Casaert, also of the PS, became the new mayor, with a PS, MR, cdH majority. The MR stepped down from the coalition just before the 2007 general election, citing official charges of corruption levelled against a PS alderman in Charleroi. After the 2007 general election, the PS put its local party office under full confinement, with the city executive resigning. Mayor Casaert was charged with fraud on June 18, 2007, but will only step down after a new city executive has been formed.

unicipal election


conom
The municipality contains an industrial area, iron and steel industry, glassworks, chemicals, and electrical engineering. Charleroi is in the center of a coal basin, called "Pays noir". Many slag heaps still surround the city. Dupuis is a publisher of Franco-Belgian comics, located in Marcinelle.]. The Gosselies branch will also open as a street-level tramline. There are no plans to open any part of the Chatelet branch.

eople born in Charlero
*Jean-Marie Andre, scientist
*Pierre Carette, extreme-left terrorist
*Jules Destrée, lawyer and politician (born in Marcinelle, 19th century)
*Régis Genaux, football player
*Axel Hervelle, Real Madrid basketball player
*Georges Lemaître, priest and astronomer (20th century)
*Fabrice Lig, music producer (20th century)
*Joseph Maréchal, Jesuit priest, philosopher (20th century)
*Didier Matrige, painter and draughtsman, (20th century)
*Joëlle Milquet, politician (20th century)
*Chantal Mouffe, political theorist (20th century)
*François-Joseph Navez, painter (18th century)
*Paul Pastur, lawyer and politician
*Marcel Thiry, poet (19th century)
*Raymond Troye, wartime writer, (20th century)
*Annette Vande Gorne, composer
*Fernand Verhaegen, painter and etcher (born in Marchienne-au-Pont, 19th century)

ther people who lived in Charlero
*Paul Cuvelier, painter and comics artist
*Muriel Degauque, suicide bomber in Iraq
*Marc Dutroux, convicted kidnapper and murderer
*Arthur Rimbaud, poet
*Paul Verlaine, poet

win citie
* Hirson, France
* Saint-Junien, France
* Schramberg, Germany
* Waldkirch, Germany
* Manoppello, Italy
* Casarano, Italy
* Follonica, Italy
* Himeji, Japan
* Donetsk, Ukraine
* Pittsburgh, USA

ee als
*Municipalities of Belgium
*List of municipalities in Wallonia
*R. Charleroi S.C.
*R.O.C. Charleroi
*ICDI affair
*Aéropole Science Park
*Dauphines Charleroi

eference


xternal link

*
*
*
* "Scotsman" newspaper, 7 April 2009





Category:Cities and towns in Belgium
Category:Municipalities of
Category:World Heritage Sites in Belgium

ar:شارلوروا
br:Charleroi
bg:Шарлероа
ca:Charleroi
cs:Charleroi
cy:Charleroi
da:Charleroi
de:Charleroi
el:Σαρλρουά
es:Charleroi
eo:Charleroi
eu:Charleroi
fr:Charleroi
gl:Charleroi
id:Charleroi
it:Charleroi
he:שרלרואה
ka:შარლერუა
lv:Šarlruā
lt:Šarlerua
li:Charleroi
lmo:Charleroi
hu:Charleroi
ms:Charleroi
nl:Charleroi
ja:シャルルロワ
no:Charleroi
nn:Charleroi
pl:Charleroi
pt:Charleroi
ro:Charleroi
ru:Шарлеруа
simple:Charleroi
sr:Шарлроа
fi:Charleroi
sv:Charleroi
uk:Шарлеруа
vi:Charleroi
vo:Charleroi
wa:Tchålerwè
vls:Charleroi
zh:沙勒罗瓦
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.12.2017 09:02 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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