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Burgas

Bulgaria, Burgas
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"" (, sometimes transliterated as "Bourgas") is List of cities and towns in Bulgariathe second-largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast with population 210,260. It is also the fourth-largest by population in the country, after Sofia, Plovdiv and Varna. It is the capital of and an important industrial, transport, cultural and tourist centre.

Surrounded by the coastal Lakes and located at the westernmost point of the Black Sea, the large Bay, has the largest and most important Bulgarian port. Today, it is a key economic, cultural and tourist centre of southeastern Bulgaria, with the Airport serving the resorts of the southern Bulgarian coast.

Geography
Image:Bay of .jpgleftthumbBay of at night.
Image: Aleko Bogoridi Boulevard Mihal Orela.jpgleftthumbAleko Bogoridi Boulevard
Image:-from-Space.jpgrightthumb as seen from space.
is situated in the westernmost point of the bay of the same name and in the eastern part of the plain which is located to the east of the Upper Thracian Plain. is located at 389 km of Sofia, 272 km of Plovdiv and 350 km of Istanbul. To the east and north the city is surrounded by the Lakes - Lake Vaya, Lake AtanasovskoAtanasovsko and Lake MandrenskoMandrensko which are home to several hundred bird species. Pan-European corridorsPan-European corridor 8 passes through the city.

dministrative divisio
is divided into the following neighbourhoods:


With a Decision from the Counsel of Minister in 2009 the villages Banevo and Vetren, Vetren were incorporated to .

Currently a new city plan is considered which will open the city to the sea and includes several residential neighbourhoods and a new highway junction.

istor
Image:Bronze-Alexander Severus-Deultum AE25 Moushmov 3583.jpgthumbleftAlexander Severus coin celebrating the "Flavian colony of Deultum.
is a successor of the Ancient GreeceAncient Greek city of "Pyrgos" (Πύργος, Greek languageGreek for "tower") , founded by colonists from SozopolApollonia as a military and observational post against the other important settlement in the region — NesebarMesembria. Besides Pyrgos, the present-day city expands over the area of three other ancient settlements: Castrition, Skafida and Rossokastron.

During the rule of the Ancient RomeAncient Romans, was known as "Debeltum", and was established as a military colony for veterans by Vespasian. In the Middle Ages, a small fortress called "Pyrgos" was erected on the place and was most probably used as a watchtower. It was only in the 17th century that a settlement named "Ahelo-Pirgas" grew in the modern area of the city. It was later renamed to "Bourgas" and had only about 3,000 inhabitants. The city was a township in Slivenİslimye sanjak in at first Rumelia Eyalet, after that in the SilistraSilistre Province and Edirne Province before the liberation in 1878. It was a sanjak centre in Eastern Rumelia before incorporated in the Principality of Bulgaria in 1885.

Later, it became a major centre on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and a city of well-developed industry and trade. A number of oil and chemical companies were gradually built. Salt and iron are also mined and traded abroad.

Image: center galleryfull-world66.jpgrightthumb250pxStreet scene from the centre of .
Image:2-ngruev.JPGrightthumb250pxArchitecture of .
Image:1-ngurev.JPGrightthumb250px.

Image:21.jpgrightthumb250pxCity Hall.

Image:City of .jpgrightthumb250pxBustling street in , July 2006.
Image: Central Railway Station Mihal Orela.jpgrightthumb250px Railway Station

In the early 1800s was depopulated after raids by "kurzdhali" bandits. By the mid 19th century it had recovered its economic prominence through the growth of craftsmanship and the export of grain.", "Bulgaria (Eyewitness Travel)", Jonathan Bousfield and Matt Willis, Dorling Kindersley Limited, London, England, 2008, p. 210.

In 19th century, with the increasing maritime trade in the Black Sea became one of the most important port-cities. However, it has lost some of its importance with the shift of the trade between Balkans-Istanbul-Trabzon to Southern port-cities with the construction of Salonica-Istanbul railways. In 1903, the railway station in opened, giving an additional boost to the city"s expansion. , unlike many other Bulgarian cities, was not much affected by Communist-type urbanization and has kept many of its 19th and early 20th century architecture.

Today the local port is the largest in Bulgaria adding significantly to the regional economy. also holds annual national exhibitions and international festivals and has a vibrant student population of over 6,000 that add to the city"s appeal. The historical society also maintains an open-air museum at Beglik Tash.

Several countries have consulates in , among them Turkey, Belarus, Romania, Russia and Ukraine.

Peninsula on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after the city of .



Economy
is an important industrial center. The most notable industrial enterprise is LUKOIL Neftochim - the largest oil refinery in South-eastern Europe and the largest manufacturing plant in the Balkans.

nstitutions of higher educatio
*
**
**
**
*

ttraction
* Regional Historical Museum
* Ethnographic Museum
* Museum of Nature and Science
* Art Gallery
* Opera House
* International Folklore Festival

otable native
* Apostol Karamitev (1923–1973), actor
* Dimitar Dimitrov (b. 1959),football coach
* Rousy Chanev (b. 1945), actor
* Georgi Chilikov (b. 1978), footballer
* Georgi Djulgerov (b. 1943), film director
* Georgi Dyulgerov (b. 1980), pop singer
* Georgi Kostadinov (b. 1950), first Bulgarian boxing Olympic champion
* Georgi Kaloyanchev (b. 1925), actor
* Georgi Mihalev (b. 1968), competitive swimmer
* Kostas Varnalis (1884–1974) Greek poet
* Nedyalko Yordanov (b. 1940), writer
* Nikola Stanchev (b. 1930), first Bulgarian Olympic champion
* Petya Dubarova (1962–1979), poetess
* Prodan Gardzhev (1936–2003), Bulgarian Olympic champion - wrestling
* Radostin Kishishev (b. 1974), footballer
* Zlatko Yankov, (b.1966), football player
* Kichka Bodurova,,pop singer
* Toncho Rusev,composer and trompet player
* Toni Dimitrova,,pop singer
* Krasimir Gyulmezov-duet Chick,group Domino,,composer,pop singer
* Ani Vurbanova,member of group Studio W and solo pop and jazz singer
* Nedko Troshanov,composer and musician
* Galya Icherenska,member of group Tonika ans solo pop singer

otable buildings and architectural structure
Image:Храм КиМ.JPGrightthumbThe Church of Saint Cyril and Methodius in .
The building of the TV Centre ( РРТС Бургас ) looks like a highrise with 6 floors with a tower looking like "Eiffel Tower with concrete legs" on its roof .

win citie
* San Francisco, California, United States
* Rotterdam, Netherlands
* Yantai, People"s Republic of China
* Krasnodar, Russia
* Alexandroupolis, Greece
* Miskolc, Hungary
* Beşiktaş, Turkey

ee als
* List of cities in Bulgaria
* Bulgarian Black Sea Coast
* Lake
* Airport

eference


xternal link


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Category:
Category:Coastal settlements in Bulgaria
Category:Ancient Greek sites in Bulgaria
Category:Ancient Greek cities
Category:Black Sea
Category:Cities and towns in Bulgaria
Category:Port cities and towns in Bulgaria

af:Boergas
ar:بورغاس
roa-rup:
ast:
br:
bg:Бургас
ca:
cs:
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da:
de:
et:
el:Μπουργκάς
es:
eo:o
fr:Bourgas
hr:
id:
os:Бургас
it:
he:בורגס
ka:ბურგასი
kk:Бургас
lv:a
lt:as
hu:z
mk:Бургас
ms:
nl:Boergas (stad)
ja:ブルガス
no:
nn:
pl:
pt:
ro:
ru:Бургас
sk:
cu:Пѷргъ
sr:Бургас
fi:
sv:
tr:Burgaz
tk:
uk:Бургас
vo:
war:
zh-yue:布爾加斯
zh:布爾加斯
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.11.2019 20:18 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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