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Budapest

Hungary, Budapest
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port
City Park (Városliget) has one of the largest artificial ice surfaces in the world. It"s home to Hungarian bandy. The Bgroup at the Bandy World Championship 2004 was held here and also the Bandy World Championship for women 2007.

opulatio




thnic group
Population by nationalities according to the 2001 census, (Based on selfdetermination):
*Hungarians 1,631,043 (91.2%)
*Germans 18,097 (1%)
*Roma 14,019 (0.8%)
*Others (mainly Slovaks, Greeks, Romanians) 21,691
*No answer (unknown) 93,071

eligion
Population by denominations:
*Roman Catholic 808,460 (45.5%)
*Calvinist 224,169 (12.6%)
*Lutheran 46,449 (2.6%)
*Greek Catholic 28,901 (1.6%)
*Jewish 9,468 (0.5%)
*Atheist 347,209 (19.5%)
*Others (mainly Christian) 26,681
*No answer (unknown) 286,584

istorical populatio
In 1910 Budapest ("Little Budapest", not present Greater Budapest) had 880,371 residents (85.9% Hungarian, 9% German, 2.3% Slovak, 2.8% other). The distribution of religions were, 59.8% Roman Catholic, 23.1% Jewish, 9.9% Calvinist, 4.9% Lutheran, 2.3% other.

istrict



Originally Budapest had 10 districts after coming into existence upon the unification of the three cities in 1873. On 1 January, 1950 Budapest was united with several neighboring towns and the number of its districts was raised to 22 (Greater Budapest). At that time there were changes both in the order of districts and in their sizes. Now there are 23 districts, 6 in Buda, 16 in Pest and 1 on Csepel Island between them. Each district can be associated with one or more city parts named after former towns within Budapest.

ain sight
View of Budapest with the river Danube, the Parliament in the middle and the Buda hills in the background


The neoGothic Parliament, containing amongst other things the Holy Crown of Hungarian Crown Jewels.
Saint Stephen"s Basilica, where the Holy Right Hand of the founder of Hungary, King Saint Stephen is on display.
The Hungarian cuisine and café culture: for example, Gerbeaud Café, and the Százéves, Biarritz, Fortuna, Alabárdos, Arany Szarvas, Kárpátia and the world famous Mátyás Pince Restaurants.
There are Roman remains at the Aquincum Museum, and historic furniture at the Nagytétény Castle Museum.

The Castle Hill, the River Danube embankments and the whole of Andrássy út have been officially recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Castle Hill and the Castle District; there are three churches here, six museums, and a host of interesting buildings, streets and squares. The former Royal Palace is one of the symbols of Hungary – and has been the scene of battles and wars ever since the thirteenth century. Nowadays it houses two impressive museums and the National Széchenyi Library. The nearby Sándor Palace contains the offices and official residence of the President of Hungary. The sevenhundred yearold Matthias Church is one of the jewels of Budapest. Next to it is an equestrian statue of the first king of Hungary, King Saint Stephen, and behind that is the Fisherman"s Bastion, from where opens out a panoramic view of the whole city. Statues of the Turul, the mythical guardian bird of Hungary, can be found in both the Castle District and the Twelfth District.

Holy Crown, a key symbol of Hungary
In Pest, arguably the most important sight is Andrássy út. As far as Kodály Körönd and Oktogon both sides are lined with large shops and flats built close together. Between there and Heroes’ Square the houses are detached and altogether grander. Under the whole runs continental Europe’s oldest Underground railway, most of whose stations retain their original appearance. Heroes’ Square is dominated by the Millenary Monument, with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in front. To the sides are the Museum of Fine Arts and the Palace of Arts, and behind City Park opens out, with Vajdahunyad Castle. One of the jewels of Andrássy út is the Hungarian State Opera House. Statue Park, a theme park with striking statues of the Communist era, is located just outside the main city and is accessible by public transport.

The city is home to the largest synagogue in Europe (Dohány Street Synagogue), the largest medicinal bath in Europe (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath) and the third largest Parliament building in the world, once the largest in the world. The third largest church in Europe (Esztergom Basilica) and the second largest Baroque castle in the world (Gödöllő) are in the vicinity.


File:Buda CastlesMatthias Church.jpg|Matthias Church
File:Budapest chain bridge pillar by night.JPG|Széchenyi Chain Bridge
File:Museum Fine Arts01.jpg|Museum of Fine Arts
File:Aftnn St Stephen"s Basilica.jpg|Saint Stephen"s Basilica
File:03hősök tere.JPG|Heroes" Square with the Millenary Monument
File:04Pesti vigado.JPG|Vigadó Concert Hall
File:Mujegpalya Ice Rink.jpg|Vajdahunyad Castle
File:Szent Erzsebettemplom 01.jpg|Saint Elisabeth Church
File:SynagogueBudapest.jpg|The Great Synagogue
File:Museum of Applied Arts (Budapest).jpg|Museum of Applied Arts
File:01NewYork palota Budapest.JPG|New York Café
File:Hungariannationalmuseum100.jpg|Hungarian National Museum



sland
Margaret Island

Seven islands can be found on the Danube: Shipyard Island, Margaret Island, Csepel Island, Palotaisziget (now a peninsula), Népsziget, Hárossziget, and Molnársziget.

Notable islands include:
*Margaret Island is a long island and in area. The island mostly consists of a park and is a popular recreational area for tourists and locals alike. The island lies between bridges Margaret Bridge (south) and Árpád Bridge (north). Dance clubs, Swimming pools, an Aqua park, athletic and fitness centres, bicycle and running tracks can be found around the Island. During the day the island is occupied by people doing sports, or just resting. In the summer (generally on the weekends) mostly young people go to the island at night to party in its terraces, or to recreate with a bottle of alcohol on a bench or on the grass (this form of entertainment is sometimes referred to as benchpartying).
*Csepel Island () is the largest island of the River Danube in Hungary. It is long; its width is 6–8 km (3.75–5 mi) and its area comprises , whereas only the northern tip is inside the city limits.
*Hajógyárisziget (, or Óbudaisziget) is a man built island, located in the third district. This island hosts many activities such as: wakeboarding, jetskiing during the day, and dance clubs during the night. This is the island where the famous Sziget Festival takes place, hosting hundreds of performances per year and now around 400,000 visitors in its last edition. Many building projects are taking place to make this island into one of the biggest entertainment centres of Europe, the plan is to build Apartment buildings, hotels, casinos and a marina.
*Luppasziget is the smallest island of Budapest, located in the north region.

pa
Rudas Baths is a thermal and medicinal bath that was first built in 1550
One of the reasons the Romans first colonized the area immediately to the west of the River Danube and established their regional capital at Aquincum (now part of Óbuda, in northern Budapest) is so that they could utilize and enjoy the thermal springs. There are still ruins visible today of the enormous baths that were built during that period. The new baths that were constructed during the Turkish period (1541–1686) served both bathing and medicinal purposes, and some of these are happily still in use to this day. Budapest really gained its reputation as a city of spas in the 1920’s, following the first realization of the economic potential of the thermal waters in drawing in visitors. Indeed in 1934 Budapest was officially ranked as a "City of Spas". Today, the baths are mostly frequented by the older generation, as, with the exception of the “Magic Bath” and "Cinetrip" water discos, young people tend to prefer the lidos which are open in the summer.
Construction of the Király Baths started in 1565, and most of the presentday building dates from the Turkish period, including most notably the fine cupolatopped pool.

The Rudas Baths are not only superbly centrally placed – in the narrow strip of land between Gellért Hill and the River Danube – they are also an outstanding example of architecture dating from the Turkish period. The central feature is an octagonal pool over which light is thrown from a 10 m diameter cupola, supported by eight pillars.
Széchenyi Thermal Bath.

The Gellért Baths and Hotel were built in 1918, although there had once been Turkish baths on the site, and in the Middle Ages a hospital. In 1927 the Baths were extended to include the wave pool, and the effervescent bath was added in 1934. With its immaculately preserved Art Nouveau interior, including colourful mosaics, marble columns, stained glass windows and statues, this is without doubt the most beautiful bathing complex in Budapest.

The Lukács Baths are also in Buda and are also Turkish in origin, although they were only revived at the end of the nineteenth century. This was also when the spa and treatment centre were founded. Happily, there is still something of an atmosphere of findesiècle about the place, and all around the inner courtyard there are marble tablets recalling the thanks of patrons who were cured there. Since the 1950s it has been regarded as a centre for intellectuals and artists.

The Széchenyi Baths are one of the largest bathing complexes in all Europe, and the only “old” medicinal baths to be found in the Pest side of the city. The indoor medicinal baths date from 1913 and the outdoor pools from 1927. There is an atmosphere of grandeur about the whole place with the bright, largest pools resembling aspects associated with Roman baths, the smaller bath tubs reminding one of the bathing culture of the Greeks, and the saunas and diving pools borrowed from traditions emanating in northern Europe. The three outdoor pools (one of which is a fun pool) are open all year, including winter. Indoors there are over ten separate pools, and a whole host of medical treatments is also available.

ranspor
irpor

Budapest Ferihegy International Airport.
Map of the Budapest Metro.
Budapest Ferihegy International Airport, which has 3 passenger terminals: Ferihegy 1, which tends to serve the many discount airlines now flying to and from Budapest, Ferihegy 2/A and Ferihegy 2/B. Terminal 3 is planned to be built. The airport is located to the east of the centre in the XVIII. district in Pestszentlőrinc.
Megyeri Bridge, M0 motorway, north sector.
oad

Budapest is the most important Hungarian road terminus; all the major highways end there. Budapest is also a major railway terminus.

Ring road M0 around Budapest was recently completed and allows people to go around Budapest from East to West and from North to South, however there is no way from West to North you must go around to the South.

ublic transpor

Budapest public transport is provided by BKV, the company operates buses, trolleybuses, trams, suburban railway lines, the metro, a boat service, a cogwheel railway and a chairlift, called "Libegő".

Budapest"s tram network is extensive, and reliable despite poor track infrastructure and an ageing fleet. Routes 4 and 6 combined form the busiest traditional city tram line in the world, with the world"s longest passenger trams ( long Siemens Combino) running at 60 to 90 second intervals at peak time and 3–4 minutes offpeak and usually packed with people.

Day services operate from 4:30 a.m. until 11:30 p.m. each day. Night traffic (a reduced overnight service) has a reputation for being excellent.

There are three metro lines and a fourth is currently under construction. The Yellow line, built in 1896, is one of the oldest subway lines in the world, following London Underground and the Istanbul Metro that were built respectively in 1863 and 1875.

pecial vehicle
Budapest Castle Hill Funicular
Budapest Keleti pályaudvar
Beside metros, suburban rails, buses, trams and boats, there are a couple of less usual vehicles in Budapest:
* trolleybus on several lines in Pest
* the Castle Hill Funicular between the Chain Bridge and Buda Castle
* cyclecar for rent in Margaret Island
* chairlift
* the Budapest Cogwheel Railway
* children"s railway

The latter three vehicles run among Buda hills.
Budapest Nyugati pályaudvar

ailway

Hungarian mainline railways are operated by MÁV. There are three main railway termini in Budapest, Keleti (eastbound), Nyugati (westbound), and Déli (southbound), operating both domestic and international rail services. Budapest was one of the main stops of the Orient Express until 2001, when the service was cut back to ParisVienna.
There is also a suburban rail service in and around Budapest, operated under the name HÉV.

aterway
The river Danube flows through Budapest on its way to the Black Sea. The river is easily navigable and so Budapest has historically been a major commercial port (at Csepel). In the summer months a scheduled hydrofoil service operates up the Danube to Vienna.

ducatio
BME. The oldest University of Technology in the World, founded in 1782.
Budapest is Hungary"s main centre of education and home to numerous universities:

*Budapest University of Technology and Economics
*Corvinus University of Budapest
*Eötvös Loránd University
*Semmelweis University (medical university)
*Szent István University, Faculty of Veterinary Science
*Budapest Business School

*Pázmány Péter Catholic University
*Károli Gáspár University of the Hungarian Reformed Church
*Jewish Theological Seminary – University of Jewish Studies

*Central European University
*Andrássy Gyula German Language University of Budapest

*MoholyNagy University of Art and Design
*Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music

imeline of the history of Budapes
Aquincum Museum (Aquincum was the capital of Pannonia.)
The tomb of the Turkish dervish Gül Baba in Budapest
The Recapture of Buda Castle (1686)
Buda and Pest (ca. 1850)
Andrássy Avenue (1896)
Buda Castle
Buda Castle Daytime
Parliament Building


nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie

Budapest is twinned with:



Some of the city"s districts are also twinned to small cities or districts of other big cities, for details see the article
List of districts and towns in Budapest.

artnership

* "Kraków", Poland

ee als

*List of cemeteries in Budapest
*List of famous people of Budapest
*Music of Budapest
*Urban and Suburban Transit Association (most of its activity is centred around Budapest)
*Budapest metropolitan area

eference
ource
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ote



xternal link


Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 23.05.2018 09:18 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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"Hungary" ( ), officially the "Republic of Hungary" (Hungarian:"Magyar Köztársaság" , literally "Hungarian Republic"), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the
"Miskolc" (, , ) is a city in northeastern Hungary, mainly with heavy industrial background. With a population close to 180,000 (2001) Miskolc is the third-largest city of Hungary (behind Budapest and Debrecen; second-largest with agglomeration.) It
Bolza CastleBékés county in Hungary"Szarvas" (German: "Sarwasch", Slovak: "Sarvaš") is a town Békés county in southeastern Hungary. The Hungarian placename Szarvas means "deer" in English.HistoryThe first agricultural high-school in the Kingdom
"Bicske" is a town in Fejér county, Hungary. istorAs for a document dating to 1306, referring to when Botond’s sons János (John) and Peter got the permission for toll on their possession including the town, Bicske was written "Bykche", "Biccke",
"Szombathely" (, also known by alternative names) is a city in Hungary. It is the administrative center of the Vas county in the west of the country, located near the border with Austria.ocatioSzombathely lies by the streams "Perint" and
Bolza CastleBékés county in Hungary"Szarvas" (German: "Sarwasch", Slovak: "Sarvaš") is a town Békés county in southeastern Hungary. The Hungarian placename Szarvas means "deer" in English.HistoryThe first agricultural high-school in the Kingdom
 
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