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Brive-la-Gaillarde

France, Brive-la-Gaillarde
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"Brive-la-Gaillarde" (Limousin dialect of Occitan language: "Briva la Galharda") is a commune of France. It is a sub-prefecture of the Corrèze department. The population of the urban area was 89,260 as of 1999. Although it is by far the biggest commune in Corrèze, the capital is Tulle.

istor
Even though the inhabitants settled around the 1st century, the city only started to grow much later. Starting around the 5th century, the original city starts to develop around a church dedicated to Saint-Martin-l"Espagnol. During the 12th century walls are built around the city and during the Hundred Years" War a second wall is built. These fortifications no longer exist and are now replaced by boulevards.

The commune was named "Brive" until 1919, when it was renamed "Brive-la-Gaillarde". The word "Gaillarde" (still used in current French) probably stands for bravery or strength in the city"s name, but it can also refer to the city"s walls. Brive now extends outside of its original boundaries into Malemort and Ussac.

During World War II, Brive-la-Gaillarde was a regional capital of the Resistance, acting as a seat of several clandestine information networks and several of the principal resistance movements, including the "Armée secrète" (or “Secret Army”) and the "Mouvements unis de la Résistance" (or “United Movements of the Resistance”).

Brive-la-Gaillarde was the first city of Occupied France to liberate itself by its own means, on 15 August 1944. For this, the city received the “"Croix de guerre 1939-1945"” military decoration.

The medieval center is mainly a commercial district with retail shops and various cafés. It is also the location of the city hall, the main police station, and the . One notable landmark outside the inner city is the "Pont Cardinal", a bridge which used to be a crossing point for travelers from Paris to Toulouse.

ayor
* 1966-1995: Jean Charbonnel
* 1995-2008: Bernard Murat
* 2008 - present : Philippe Nauche

por
The city is home to a rugby union team, CA Brive.

It will also host the 2009 Junior World Rowing Championships.

otable peopl
Brive-la-Gaillarde was the birthplace of:
* Guillaume Dubois (1656–1723), cardinal and statesman
* Pierre André Latreille (1762–1833), entomologist
* Guillaume Marie Anne Brune (1763–1815), marshal of France
* Dimitri Yachvili (1980– ), French international rugby union player
* Pierre-André Valade (1959– ), conductor
* Cédric Heymans (1978– ), French international rugby union player
* Alexis Palisson (1987– ), French international rugby union player

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Brive-la-Gaillarde is twinned with:
* Lauf an der Pegnitz (Germany)
* Joliette (Québec, Canada)
* Sikasso (Mali)
* Guimarães (Portugal)
* Melitopol (Ukraine)
* Dunstable, (England, United Kingdom) until 2005

ee als
*Communes of the Corrèze department

eference
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xternal link
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Category:Communes of Corrèze
Category:Subprefectures in France

ca:Briva la Galharda
ceb:Brive-la-Gaillarde
de:Brive-la-Gaillarde
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eo:Brive-la-Gaillarde
eu:Brive-la-Gaillarde
fr:Brive-la-Gaillarde
gl:Brive-la-Gaillarde
it:Brive-la-Gaillarde
sw:Brive-la-Gaillarde
la:Briva
nl:Brive-la-Gaillarde
nn:Brive-la-Gaillarde
oc:Briva
pl:Brive-la-Gaillarde
pt:Brive-la-Gaillarde
ro:Brive-la-Gaillarde
sl:Brive-la-Gaillarde
sr:Брив ла Гајар
sv:Brive-la-Gaillarde
vi:Brive-la-Gaillarde
vo:Brive-la-Gaillarde
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.11.2017 03:46 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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