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Brindisi

Italy, Brindisi
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| province = (BR)
| frazioni = Tuturano
| mayor_party =
| mayor = Domenico Mennitti (since June 14, 2004)
| area_footnotes =
| area_total_km2 = 328
| population_footnotes =
| population_total = 89696
| population_as_of = 30 November 2008
| pop_density_footnotes =
| population_demonym = Brindisini
| elevation_footnotes =
| elevation_m = 15
| twin1 =
| twin1_country =
| saint = St. Theodore of Amasea and St. Lawrence of Brindisi
| day = First Sunday of September
| postal_code = 72100
| area_code = 0831
| website =
| footnotes =
}}
"Brindisi" (; ; Messapian: "Brention") is an ancient city in the Apulia region of Italy, the capital of the province of Brindisi, off the coast of the Adriatic Sea.

istor
ncient time
Ancient map of Brindisi by Piri Reis.
There are several traditions concerning its founders; one of them claims that it was founded by the legendary hero Diomedes.

Brindisi was an Ancient Greek settlement predating the Roman expansion. The Latin name "Brundisium" comes from the Greek "Brentesion" ("Βρεντήσιον") meaning "deer"s head", which refers to the shape of the natural harbor. In 267 BCE (245 BCE, according to other sources) it was conquered by the Romans.
After the Punic Wars it became a major center of Roman naval power and maritime trade. In the Social War it received Roman citizenship, and was made a free port by Sulla. It suffered, however, from a siege conducted by Caesar in 49 BCE ("Bell. Civ. i.") and was again attacked in 42 and 40 BCE.

The poet Pacuvius was born here about 220 BCE, and here the famous poet Virgil died in 19 BCE. Under the Romans, Brundisium - a large city in its day with some 100,000 inhabitants - was an active port, the chief point of embarkation for Greece and the East, via Dyrrachium or Corcyra. It was connected with Rome by the Via Appia and the Via Traiana.

iddle Ages and modern time
Church of S. Giovanni al Sepolcro.
Brindisi Cathedral.
Later Brindisi was conquered by Ostrogoths, and reconquered by the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century CE. In 674 it was destroyed by the Lombards led by Romuald I of Benevento, but such a fine natural harbor meant that the city was soon rebuilt. In the 9th century, a Saracen settlement existed in the neighborhood of the city, which had been stormed in 836 by pirates. Again a Byzantine possession, it was captured by the Normans in 1070, and subsequently became part of the Kingdom of Naples under its various dynasties. Like other Pugliese ports, Brindisi for a short while was ruled by Venice, but was soon reconquered by Spain.

A plague and an earthquake struck the city, in 1348 and 1456.

Brindisi fell to Austrian rule in 1707-1734, and afterwards to the Bourbons. Between September 1943 and February 1944 the city functioned as the temporary capital of Italy.

Brindisi is also noteworthy because it hosted King Vittorio Emanuele III, Pietro Badoglio and a part of the Italian armed forces command in September 1943 after the armistice with Italy.

In the 21st century, Brindisi serves as the home base of the San Marco Regiment, a naval brigade originally known as the La Marina Regiment. It was renamed San Marco after its noted defense of Venice at the start of World War I.

ain sight

*The "Castello Svevo" or "Castello Grande" ("Hohenstaufen Castle" or "Large Castle"), built by emperor Frederick II. It has a trapezoid plan with massive square towers. The Aragonese added four towers to the original 13th century structure. After centuries of being abandon, in 1813 Joachim Murat turned it into a penitentiary; after 1909 it is used by the Italian Navy. During World War II, it was briefly the residence of King Victor Emmanuel III.
*The Aragonese Castle, best known as "Forte a Mare" ("Sea Fort"). It was built by King Ferdinand I of Naples in 1491 on the S. Andrea island facing the port. It is divided into two section: the "Red Castle" (from the color of its bricks) and the more recent Fort.
*Two ancient Roman columns, symbols of Brindisi. They were once thought to be mark the ending points of the Appian Way, instead they were used as a port reference for the antique mariners. Only one of the two, standing at 18.74 m, is now visible. The other crumbled in 1582, and the ruins was given to Lecce to hold the statue of Saint Oronzo (Lecce"s patron) , because Saint Oronzo was reputed to have cured the plague in Brindisi.
*the "Duomo" (Cathedral), built in Romanesque style in the 11th-12th centuries. What is visible today is the 18th century reconstruction, after the original was desotryed by an earthquake on February 20, 1743. Parts of the original mosaic pavement can be seen in the interior.
*Church of "Santa Maria del Casale" (c. 1300), in Gothic-Romanesque style. The notable façade has a geometrical pattern of gray and yellow stones, with an entrance cusp-covered portico. The interior has notable early-14th century frescoes.
*Portico of the Templars (13th century). Despite the name, it was in reality the loggia of the bishop"s palace. It is now the entrance to the Museo Ribezzo.
*the "Fontana Grande" (Grand Fountain), built by the Romans on the Appian Way. It was restored in 1192 by Tancred of Lecce.
*"Piazza della Vittoria" (Victory Square). It has a 17th century fountain.
*Church of "Santa Maria degli Angeli" (1609).
*Church of the Holy Heart.
*Church of "San Giovanni al Sepolcro", with circular plan, dating from the 12th century.
*Church of the "Santissima Trinità" (or "Santa Lucia", 14th century). It has a late 12th century crypt.
*Natural preserve of "Torre Guaceto"
*the


ister Citie
* Lushnje, Albania

ransportatio
Brindisi is home to the Papola-Casale Airport, located 6 km outside the city"s center. Brindisi is also a major ferry port, with routes to Greece and elsewhere.

ee als
*Lottatore Brindisino

xternal link
*
*

eference





Category:Cities and towns in Apulia
Category:Localities of Salento
Category:Mediterranean port cities and towns in Italy
Category:Port cities and towns of the Adriatic Sea




ar:برينديزي
roa-rup:Brindisi
bg:Бриндизи
ca:Bríndisi
cs:Brindisi
co:Brindisi
cy:Brindisi
da:Brindisi
de:Brindisi
el:Μπρίντιζι
es:Brindisi
eo:Brindizio
fr:Brindisi
gl:Brindisi
hi:ब्रिंडिसि
hr:Brindisi
id:Brindisi
it:Brindisi
he:ברינדיזי
la:Brundisium
hu:Brindisi
nl:Brindisi (stad)
ja:ブリンディジ
nap:Brinnese
no:Brindisi
nn:Brindisi
oc:Brindisi
pms:Brìndisi
pl:Brindisi
pt:Brindisi
ro:Brindisi
ru:Бриндизи
scn:Brìndisi
sk:Brindisi
sr:Бриндизи
fi:Brindisi
sv:Brindisi
tl:Lungsod ng Brindisi
roa-tara:Brinnese
tr:Brindisi
uk:Бріндізі
vec:Brindixi
vo:Brindisi
war:Brindisi
zh:布林迪西
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.04.2021 04:43 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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