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France, Boulogne-Billancourt
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|region = Île-de-France
|department = Hauts-de-Seine("sous-préfecture")
|arrondissement = Boulogne-Billancourt
|canton = Chief town of 3 cantons
|INSEE = 92012
|postal code = 92100
|mayor = Pierre-Christophe Baguet
|term = 2008–2014
|intercommunality = Communautéd"agglomérationVal de Seine
|elevation m =
|elevation min m = 28
|elevation max m = 40
|area km2 = 6.17
|population = 110251
|population date = 1 January 2006 census
"Boulogne-Billancourt" (often colloquially called simply "Boulogne" or "Boulbi") is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the centre of Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a "sous-préfecture" of the Hauts-de-Seine "département", being the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt.

Boulogne-Billancourt is the most populous suburb of Paris and one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe. Formerly an important industrial site, it has successfully reconverted into business services and is now home to major communication companies headquartered in the Val de Seine business district.

The original name of the commune was "Boulogne-sur-Seine" (meaning "Boulogne upon Seine").

Before the 14th century, Boulogne was a small village called "Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud" (meaning "Menuls near Saint-Cloud"). In the beginning of the 14th century, King Philip IV of France ordered the building in "Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud" of a church dedicated to the virgin of the sanctuary of Boulogne-sur-Mer, then a famous pilgrimage center in northern France. The church, meant to become a pilgrimage centre closer to Paris than the distant city of Boulogne-sur-Mer, was named Notre-Dame de Boulogne la Petite ("Our Lady of Boulogne the Minor"). Gradually, the village of "Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud" became known as "Boulogne-la-Petite", and later as "Boulogne-sur-Seine".

In 1924, "Boulogne-sur-Seine" was officially renamed Boulogne-Billancourt, to reflect the development of the industrial neighbourhood of Billancourt annexed in 1860 (see history section below).

As for the name Billancourt, it was recorded for the first time in 1150 as "Bullencort", sometimes also spelled "Bollencort". It comes from Medieval Latin "cortem", accusative of "cors", meaning "enclosure", "estate", suffixed to the Germanic patronym Buolo (meaning "friend, brother, kinsman"), thus having the meaning of "estate of Buolo".

On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, the communes of Auteuil and Passy were disbanded and divided between Boulogne-Billancourt (then called "Boulogne-sur-Seine") and the city of Paris. "Boulogne-sur-Seine" received a small part of the territory of Passy, and about half of the territory of Auteuil (including the area of Billancourt, which belonged to the disbanded commune of Auteuil).

In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne, which was hitherto divided between the communes of Boulogne-Billancourt and Neuilly-sur-Seine, was annexed in its entirety by the city of Paris. On that occasion, Boulogne-Billancourt, to which most of the Bois de Boulogne belonged, lost about half of its territory

Boulogne-Billancourt is famous for being the birthplace of three major industries: cinema, automobile, aircraft industries.


opulation change

With the city of Sèvres, Boulogne-Billancourt is part of the "communauté d"agglomération" Val de Seine.

Boulogne-Billancourt is served by two stations on Paris Métro Line 10: Boulogne - Jean Jaurès and Boulogne - Pont de Saint-Cloud

It is also served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 9: Marcel Sembat, Billancourt, and Pont de Sèvres.

The headquarters of Renault are in Boulogne-Billancourt."." Renault. Retrieved on 22 September 2009.


* The gardens Albert Kahn at 14, rue du Port, Boulogne-Billancourt are a national museum and include four hectares of gardens, joining together landscape scenes of various national traditions. The museum also includes historic photographs and film.
* The Musée des Années Trente is a museum of artistic and industrial objects from the 1930s.

Boulogne-Billancourt was the birthplace of:
* Pierre Bellemare, actor, writer
* Bertrand Blier (born 14 March 1939), screenwriter and film director; son of Bernard Blier
* Booba, MC
* Daniel Buren (born 1938), conceptual artist
* Guillaume Canet (born 10 April 1973), actor, screenwriter and director
* Leslie Caron (born 1931), film actress and dancer
* Benjamin Castaldi (born 28 March 1970), TV presenter and producer; son of actor Jean-Pierre Castaldi, former husband of fellow TV presenter Flavie Flament
* Matthieu Chedid (born 21 December 1971), composer, singer, guitarist; son of fellow singer and composer Louis Chedid and grandson of writer and poetess Andrée Chedid.
* Édith Cresson (born 1934), politician, former Prime Minister of France under François Mitterrand"s presidency
* Xavier de Roux (born 1940), politician
* Michel Deville (born 13 April 1931), screenwriter and film director
* Alain Feydeau (born 21 July 1934), actor
* Anna Gavalda (born 1970), best-selling novelist
* Hippolyte Girardot (born 10 October 1955), actor
* André Glucksmann (born 1937), political philosopher, writer
* Anne Goscinny (born 19 May 1968), daughter of comics-maker René Goscinny (Astérix), and writer Gilberte Goscinny
* David Hallyday, (born David Smet on 14 August 1962), composer, pop rock singer; son of singers Johnny Halliday (born Jean-Philippe Smet) and Sylvie Vartan, cousin of actress Laura Smet and actor Michael Vartan
* Henri Kagan (born 1930), chemist
* Sandrine Kiberlain (born 25 February 1968), actress; wife of fellow French actor Vincent Lindon
* Louise L. Lambrichs (born 1952), novelist and screenwriter
* Gérard Lanvin (born 21 June 1950), actor
* Corinne Lepage (born 11 May 1951), actress
* Marc Levy (born 16 October 1961), international best-sellers writer
* Thierry Lhermitte (born 24 November 1952), actor, co-writer (usually with the band of the Splendid), director, producer.
* François Mativet (born May 21, 1949), guitarist
* Nelson Monfort (born 12 March 1954), TV presenter, translator, sports commentator for French public television.
* Roger Monteaux (born 18 July 1879), actor
* Bulle Ogier (born Marie-France Thielland on 9 August 1939), actress
* Claude Pinoteau, actor, director, writer, producer
* Jérôme Pradon (born 3 June 1964), stage actor
* Thierry Roland (born 4 August 1934), football specialist, sports journalist, TV commentator and presenter.
* Baron Edmond James de Rothschild (1845–1934), philanthropist and activist for Jewish affairs
* Véronique Sanson, singer
* Alain Sarde (born 28 March 1952), former actor, now writer and producer.
* Catherine Spaak (born 3 April 1945), actress
* Agnès Spaak (born 29 April 1944), actress
* Georgette Tissier (26 June 1910–30 March 1957 in Paris), actress
* Marie Trintignant (1962–2003), actress
* Gaspard Ulliel, (born 25 November 1984), actor, model
* Michael Vartan (born 1968), French-American actor
* Zazie (Isabelle de Truchis de Varennes, born 1964), singer-songwriter
* Adrien W. Jenot (born November 1, 1980), France-Canada Graphic designer/Typographer

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Boulogne-Billancourt is twinned with:
* Since 1955:
** Anderlecht, Belgium
** Neukölln, a borough of Berlin, Germany
** Hammersmith and Fulham, London, United Kingdom
** Zaanstad, Netherlands
* Since 1968:
** Marino, Italy
** Pančevo, Serbia
** Ra"anana, Israel
* Since 1993:
** Irving, Texas, United States
** Sousse, Tunisia

n popular cultur
* The animated TV show "Code Lyoko" is reportedly set in Boulogne-Billancourt, according to comparison maps on .

* The music video for the Kylie Minogue"s 2002 song "Come into My World" was filmed there.


xternal link


Category:Communes of Hauts-de-Seine
Category:Subprefectures in France

bg:Булон Биянкур
la:Bononia ad Sequanam
sr:Булоњ Бијанкур
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 22.04.2019 10:52 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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