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Blaj

Romania, Blaj
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"Blaj" (; ; ; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: "Blußendref") is a city in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania. It has a population of 20,758 inhabitants.

The landmark of the city is the fact that was the principal religious and cultural center of the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church in Transylvania.

Administration
The municipality of Blaj is made up of the city proper and of 6 localities - Tiur, Petrisat, Mănărade, Spătac, Deleni and Obârşie.

opulation breakdow
According to the 2002 census:

By Ethnicit
*Romanians - 17,099
*Hungarians - 1,675
*Romas - 1,911
*Germans - 60

by Religio
*Romanian Orthodox - 14,752
*Greek-Catholic - 3,411
*Roman Catholic - 734
*Reformed Church - 985
*Baptist - 408
*Pentecostal - 220

eograph
Blaj lies at the confluence of the two Târnava Rivers, in a wine-growing region. The city has a continental temperate climate, characteristic for the Transylvanian Plateau, with moderate precipitations of around 550 mm/mp.

istor
Blaj is first mentioned in 1271 as "Villa Herbordi", after the deed of a Count Herbod. In 1313, the domain passed to Herbod"s son Blasius Cserei. Started as a hamlet for the twenty families of servants of the noble"s court, it was awarded town status on May 19, 1737.

Blaj is the principal religious and cultural center of Greek Catholics in Transylvania. At 27 October 1687 begins the history of the Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic, history directly connected to the history of the town Blaj. It all started at the end of the treaty through which Transylvania was entering under the protection of Austria, renouncing the protection of the Turkish Empire.

The first public school in Romanian was established in Blaj in 1754. Blaj was the first place to have Romanian written with Latin alphabet instead of the Cyrillic alphabet in which it had traditionally been written. Blaj was also a center for the Romanian Age of Enlightenment, being the founding site of the Şcoala Ardeleană society that promoted the Roman cultural heritage of the Romanians. Thus Blaj gained the nickname "The Little Rome".

ouris
The castle of the Bethlen dynasty is a popular tourist site near Blaj. Other sights worth visiting include the Metropolitan Palace, the Holy Trinity Cathedral, the "Buna Vestire" Monastery, the Greeks" Church, the "Liberty Field", Mihai Eminescu"s linden tree, and Avram Iancu"s oak.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Blaj is twinned with:
* Allschwil
* Morlanwelz
* Recanati

ee als
* Bethlen Castle
* Câmpia Libertăţii



Category:Alba County
Category:Municipalities of Romania

cs:Blaj
de:Blaj
eo:Blaj
fr:Blaj
ie:Blaj
it:Blaj
hu:Balázsfalva
nl:Blaj
pl:Blaj
pt:Blaj
ro:Blaj
sv:Blaj
tg:Блаж
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.02.2021 21:07 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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