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Belgorod

Russia, Belgorod
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"Belgorod" () is a city in western Russia, situated on the Seversky Donets river just 40 km north from the Ukrainian border, at . It is the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. Population: 337,030 (2002 Census). Belgorod is served by Belgorod International Airport (EGO)

History

The name "Belgorod" in Russian literally means "a white city", name being a compound of бе́лый ("bélyj", “white, light”) and го́род ("górod", “town, city”). The city was thus named after the region being rich in limestone. Etymologically, it corresponds to other Slavic city names of identical meaning: "Beograd", "Białogard", "Biograd" etc.

The settlement was first mentioned in 1237, when it was ravaged by the hordes of Batu Khan. In 1596 it was refounded by the order of Boris Godunov as one of numerous forts set up to defend Southern borders from the Crimean Tatars.

After the Russian border was moved further south, the fortress fell in disrepair and the town was assigned to the Government of Kursk. Peter the Great visited it on the eve of the Battle of Poltava, and a dragoon regiment was stationed in the town until 1917.

It was occupied by Nazi Germany in October 25, 1941. During the great Battle of Kursk, the village of Prokhorovka in Belgorod Oblast was a stage of the largest tank battle in the world history (July 12, 1943). It was finally liberated in August 22, 1943 after this battle. The renowned World War II monuments include the Belgorod Diorama and a huge cathedral in Prokhorovka among others.

Belgorod is an administrative, industrial and cultural center of Belgorod Oblast, established in 1954. The major educational centeres of the City are Belgorod State University, Technological University, Agricultural Academy, Financial Academy.

Belgorod Drama Theater is named after one of the famous 19th-century actors Mikhail Shchepkin who was born in this region.

amous peopl
*Ms.Svetlana Khorkina, a two time Olympic champion gymnast was born in Belgorod on January 19, 1979. A statue of Ms.Khorkina is displayed in front of the Sports Center that has been built in her honor.
*Natalia Vladimirovna Zuyeva (Russian: Наталья Владимировна Зуева) (born October 10, 1988, in Belgorod, Soviet Union) is a Russian gymnast and Olympic champion.

ity okrug
Belgorod is divided into two city okrugs (districts):
*Vostochny, population: 141,709 (2002 Census);
*Zapadny, population: 195,321 (2002 Census)

uildings and structure
* Incomplete TV Tower
* Belgorod State University

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Belgorod is twinned with:
* Wakefield, United Kingdom.
* Herne, Germany.
* Palembang, Indonesia.
* Opole, Poland.

eference


xternal link

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Category:
Category:Belgorod




af:Belgorod
ar:بيلغورود
be:Горад Белгарад
bg:Белгород
ca:Bèlgorod
cs:Belgorod
da:Belgorod
de:Belgorod
et:Belgorod
el:Μπέλγκοροντ
es:Bélgorod
eo:Belgorodo
fr:Belgorod
ko:벨고로드
hr:Belgorod
id:Belgorod
os:Белгород
it:Belgorod
he:בלגורוד
lv:Belgoroda
lt:Belgorodas
hu:Belgorod
nl:Belgorod
ja:ベルゴロド
no:Belgorod
nn:Belgorod
pl:Biełgorod
ro:Belgorod
ru:Белгород
sk:Belgorod
sr:Белгород
fi:Belgorod
sv:Belgorod
tg:Белгород
tr:Belgorod
uk:Бєлгород
war:Belgorod
zh:别尔哥罗德
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 17.08.2022 18:01 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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