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Bayburt

Turkey, Bayburt
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"Bayburt" (comes from (Baberd) suffix "-berd", meaning "fort") is a city in northeast Turkey lying on the Çoruh River, and is the provincial capital of Turkey"s Bayburt Province.

Bayburt was once an important center on the ancient Silk Road and it was visited by Marco Polo and Turkish excursionist Evliya Celebi. Remains of its Byzantine castle still exist. There are several interesting mosques, Turkish baths and tombstones in the city as well as the Catalcesme Underground City and the natural wonder Sirakayalar Waterfall.

History
The exact date for foundation of Bayburt is unknown. However, it is estimated around 100 BC. It is well-known that Bayburt is occupied by Roman Empire and after its division became a part of Eastern Romans. During the Byzantine age, Bayburt was a part of state (dependent state to Byzantine) called Heldia which was 4th of separate seven division. It is also known Bayburt castle is repaired by the Byzantine King Justinian I and later on invaded by Arabs. Turks took the control of the area first at 1054, and next 200 years it was occupied by many different empires.

ayburt Castl
The history of Bayburt Castle dates back to 2000 BCE, although we still don"t know who first established it. The castle is being renovated by Turkish Ministry of Culture.Bayburt

osque
There are several interesting mosques. "Ulu Camii", which is generally considered as one of the most important mosques in the region, was made by Ghiyath ad-Din Mas"ud II, the ruler of the Sultanate of Rûm. The mosque was restored completely in 1967. Another important mosque in the city is the Ferahşat Bey Mosque which was made by the White Sheep Turkomans in 1507. With its single dome, the mosque is a good example for the Turkish Anatolian mosque architecture. On the other hand, Yakutiye Mosque, which was completed in 1915, thanks to the association between the people of Bayburt, is one of the best examples of the late Ottoman buildings.
Historical remainings

Sights and Activities
arks and Natur
Bayburt has many delightful parks and open spaces like "Gençlik Parkı" (Youth Park), "Şehit Nusret Bahçesi" (Martyr Nusret Gardens) and "Genç Osman Parkı" . The city has 535.780m² of nursery areas, where young plants are raised for the forests of Bayburt. Also there are two caves that visitors can see the interesting natural shapes of the stones. These caves are, "Çimağıl Mağarası" and "Helva Köyü Buz Mağarası".

niversitie
Bayburt University is located at the center of the city, university has several faculties such as Engineering, Arts and Sciences and Administrative Sciences. There are also several vocational schools.

ransportatio
"Bayburt Otobus Terminali", located in the south of the city, is the main port to Bayburt.

port
The city has one football club currently competing in the Turkish Amateur Football Championship, struggling for promotion to the Turkish Third League, called Bayburtspor. She played old Second League between 1986-1988.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Bayburt is twinned with:

* Domo, Ethiopia
* Mekele, Ethiopia
* Safi, Morocco
* Mohammedia, Morocco
* Magdeburg, Germany
* Roeselare, Belgium
* Schaan, Liechtenstein
* Limerick, Ireland
* Zaragoza, Spain
* Ipoh, Malaysia
* Varna, Bulgaria

ee als
* Bayburt Museum of Modern Arts
* Şehit Osman Hill
* Arpalı Kasabası

Notable people from Bayburt
* Irsadi Baba
* Aglar Baba

External links

*



Category:Cities, towns and villages in Bayburt Province
Category:Ancient cities
Category:Sair Zihni

ar:بايبورت
ca:Bayburt
de:Bayburt
el:Μπαϊμπούρτ
es:Bayburt
eo:Bayburt
fr:Bayburt
hy:Բաբերդ
sw:Bayburt
nl:Bayburt (stad)
pl:Bayburt
pnt:Παϊπούρτ
ro:Bayburt
sv:Bayburt
tr:Bayburt (merkez)
vo:Bayburt
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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 28.06.2022 10:52 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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