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Bagheria

Italy, Bagheria
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"Bagheria" (""Baarìa"" in Sicilian) is a town and "comune" in the in Sicily, Italy.

istor
Since its founding, the town has gone by the names of "Bayharia", "Baharia", and "Baarìa". In 1658 Giuseppe Branciforti, Prince of Butera, a former Viceroy of Sicily built a large villa and established the region as the preferred location for villeggiatura by Palermitan elite. Villas like the fortified Villa San Marco (designed by Andrea Cirrincione) with angled bastions and a drawbridge soon followed. The area experienced a boom in villa building roughly coinciding with the period of Savoyard (1713-21) and Hapsburg (1721-30) rule and continuing for several decades thereafter. The two most striking baroque residences, Villa Valguarnera and Villa Palagonia were designed by the architect Tommaso Maria Napoli in 1712 and 1715 respectively. Both were completed only decades later. Napoli had been influenced by his experiences in Rome and Vienna and this is reflected in his designs. Other architects and clients like the Giuseppe Mariani and the Prince of Aragona also looked to prints of Roman exemplars when constructing the Villa Aragona (now Cutò) in 1714.A. Belvedere, Il Palazzo Cutò di Bagheria (Palermo 1995) By 1763 tastes were changing. The Villa Villarosa, supervised by the young G.V. Marvuglia, was directly modelled on more neoclassical plans published by Jean-François Neufforge in 1760.E.H. Neil, "Architects and architecture in 17th & 18th century Palermo," in Annali di Architettura n.7 (1995) pp.159-176. In 1769 one of the descendants of the original Prince of Butera redesigned his estate into a well planned town, allowing him to collect rents from the inhabitants. Bagheria was a preferred stopping point for Europeans pursuing the Grand Tour in Sicily including Patrick Brydone, Goethe, John Soane, K. F. Schinkel and many others.P.Brydone, A Tour through Sicily and Malta (London 1773) They marveled at the bizarre sculptural oddities of the Villa Palagonia. In the 20th and 21st centuries the baroque and neoclassical character of Bagheria has been largely obscured by unregulated building.

tymolog
According to some sources, the name "Bagheria" (by way of old Sicilian "Baarìa") originates from the Phoenician term "Bayharia" meaning "land that descends toward the sea." Other sources claim that it derives from the Arabic "Bāb al-Gerib", or "windy gateway."

ain sight
*"Villa Palagonia", renowned for its complex external staircase, curved façades, and marble. Designed by Tommaso Maria Napoli, it is today open to the public.

*Other notable building include Villa Butera, Villa Valguarnera, Villa Trabia, Villa Cattolica, Villa Cuto, Villa Spedalotto, Villa San Cataldo, Villa Villarosa, Villa San Marco, Villa Filangeri, Villa Sant"Isidoro, Villa Ramacca, Villa Serradifalco, Villa Larderia, Villa Campofranco.

eligio
Although the official feast day of St. Joseph, the town"s patron saint, is March 19, it"s celebrated in Bagheria the first Sunday of August; religious celebrations are held throughout the week leading up to Sunday, when more solemn ceremonies are initiated; the following Monday evening festivities conclude with a fireworks display.

ultur
Bagheria was the birthplace of many well-known 20th century figures: poet Ignazio Buttitta, photographer Ferdinando Scianna, artists Renato Guttuso and Nino Garajo, and film director Giuseppe Tornatore.

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Category:Sicilian Baroque
Category:Municipalities of the

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 13.04.2021 09:41 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
| footnotes = }}"Turin" ( ; Piedmontese: "Turin"; ) is a major city as well as a business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River surrounded by the Alpine arch.
 
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