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Bad Ischl

Austria, Bad Ischl
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"Bad Ischl" is a spa town in Austria. It lies in the southern part of Upper Austria, at the Traun River in the centre of the Salzkammergut region. The town consists of the Katastralgemeinden "Ahorn", "Bad Ischl", "Haiden", "Jainzen", "Kaltenbach", "Lauffen", "Lindau", "Pfandl", "Perneck", "Reiterndorf" and "Rettenbach". It is connected to the village of Strobl by the river Ischl, which drains from the Wolfgangsee, and to the Traunsee, into which the stream empties. A subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located in the town.

istor
A settlement area since the Hallstatt culture Bad Ischl was first mentioned in a 1262 deed as "Iselen". In 1419 Archduke Albert V of Austria established the local seat of the Salt Chamber ("Salzkammer") at "Wildenstein" Castle and Ischl was granted the privileges of a market town in 1466 by Emperor Frederick III. A first salt mine was opened in 1563, a salt evaporation pond ("Saline") followed in 1571.

When in the early 19th century brine came into use for medical purposes, Ischl soon became a fashionable spa resort with notable guests like Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and Archduke Franz Karl of Austria. The "Hotel Post" opened in 1828 was the first one in the whole Salzkammergut area. In 1849 Franz Karl"s son, Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria chose the town for his summer residence.

On August 19, 1853 the engagement between Franz Joseph and Elisabeth of Bavaria ("Sisi") took place at the "Seeauerhaus", Esplanade No. 10, which since 1989 has been the location of the "Museum der Stadt Bad Ischl".
Kaiservilla
In 1854, the Emperor"s mother, Archduchess Sophie, gave him the "Kaiservilla" (Imperial Villa) as a wedding present. The villa became the imperial family"s summer residence; Franz Joseph described it as "Heaven on Earth" . He also granted a nearby mansion to mistress Katharina Schratt, that could be easily reached via a hidden footpath. In the "Kaiservilla" on 28 July 1914 Franz Joseph signed the declaration of war against the Kingdom of Serbia, signalling the start of World War I. He left Bad Ischl on the following day and never returned. The villa is still owned by the HabsburgLorraine family, although the grounds and parts of the residence are now open to the public.

During World War II, a subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located in Bad Ischl.

ight
Kongresshaus
Besides the "Kaiservilla", the city offers several health spas and tourist attractions like the historic "Kongresshaus" opened in 1875, the new "Kurhaus" built by Clemens Holzmeister in 1932 as well as the former residence of Franz Lehár, that he acquired in 1912 and today serves as a museum. The Saint Nicholas parish church was first mentioned in a 1344 deed.

Bad Ischl is also known for the "Konditorei Zauner" pastry shop, former k.u.k. purveyor established in 1832, and the small "Lehártheater" built in 1827.

A gondola lift runs from the town up to the "Katrin" alpine pasture at 1415m (4643ft) which offers a panoramic view of the Salzkammergut mountains. The ruins of "Wildenstein" Castle, that burnt down in 1715, are nearby.

Notable people
English copper engraving "Ischl, Sunday Cloathes, buying fruit", dated 1822

* Dieter Karlinger
* Helmut Berger, actor was born in Bad Ischl on May 29, 1944.
* Leopold Engleitner, conscientious objector, born in Aigen, Strobl am Wolfgangsee on July 23, 1905 grew up in Bad Ischl.
* Jörg Haider, politician, born in Bad Goisern on January 26, 1950 attended school in Bad Ischl.
* Leopold Hasner von Artha, politician, born in Prague on March 15, 1818, died in Bad Ischl on June 5, 1891.
* Wolfram von Richthofen, German Field Marshall, born in Germany on October 10, 1895, died, whilst being held in captivity at Bad Ischl on July 12, 1945.
* Franz Lehár, operetta composer, born in Komárom (now Slovakia) on April 30, 1870 died in Bad Ischl on October 28, 1948.
* Leo Perutz, author, born in Prague on November 2, 1882, died in Bad Ischl on August 25, 1957.
* Josef Plieseis Communist "Widerstand" fighter, born in Bad Ischl on December 20, 1913, died here on October 21, 1966.
* Oscar Straus, composer, born in Vienna on March 6, 1870, died in Bad Ischl on January 11, 1954.

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Category:Cities and towns in Gmunden District
Category:Cities and towns in Upper Austria

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.06.2022 15:59 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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