Skiurlaub- günstig mit FeWo-direkt
Espresso der Extra-Klasse


ITS | Jahn | Tjaereborg


     
Hotelsuche in 
 

Ardahan

Turkey, Ardahan
Von Wikipedia - die freie Nachrichtenenzyklopädie   auf Facebook posten  Auf Twitter posten  


"Ardahan" (, also Արտահան, Artahan; ) is a city in northeastern Turkey, near the Georgian border.

istor
ncient and medieva
Ardahan belonged to the Kingdom of Armenia during ancient and medieval times. It was located in the canton of Ardahan, which was a part of the province of Gugark". Anon. "«Արդահան»" (Ardahan). Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia. vol. ii. Yerevan, Armenian SSR: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1976, p. 7. In the ninth century, the city was taken by the Bagratuni princes of Artanuj. From the ninth to eleventh centuries, Ardahan was an important transit point for goods arriving from the Abbasid Caliphate and departing to the regions around the Black Sea. According to the Arab historian Yahya of Antioch, the Byzantines burned down Ardahan and slaughtered its population in 1021. The Mongols took hold of the city in the 1230s but the Georgian princes of Samtskhe-Saatabago were able to capture it from them in 1266.

The principality of Samtskhe-Saatabago was annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1555 and Ardahan was included into the "sanjak" of Ardahan (an overall part of the "vilayet" of Akhaltsikhe). Melkonyan, Ashot. "«Արդահան»" (Ardahan). Encyclopedia of the Armenian Question. Yerevan: Yerevan State University Press, 1996, p. 54. The Ottomans constructed a substantial fortress at Ardahan. The Turkish traveller Evliya Chelebi visited Ardahan in the 1640s and gave the following description: "The fortress of Ardahan sits atop an inaccessible cliff. It is square-shaped and sturdy....This fortress has a cold climate and, because of this, there are no gardens or orchards. Fruits arrive from the fortress at Ajara and Tortum." Evliya Chelebi. "Թուրքական Աղբյուրներ, Էվլիյա Չելեբի" ("Turkish Sources, Evliya Chelebi"). Foreign Sources on Armenia and Armenians, Turkish Sources, Volume 3. Trans. and commentary by A. Kh. Safrastyan. Yerevan, Armenian SSR: Oriental Department of Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1967, p. 113.

oder
Prior to the outbreak of the 1828-1829 Russo-Turkish war, Ardahan was composed of 400 households, the great majority of them Armenian. Many of them later immigrated to Russia. The town passed into the hands of the Russian Empire following the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War and was made a part of the Kars Oblast. The majority of the town was made up of Armenians, while other ethnic groups included Georgians, Greeks, Jews, Russians, Turks and Yazidis. The town flourished economically under Russian rule, exporting fruits, smoked lamb meat, wheat and wood. New roads were constructed, linking Ardahan to Akhalkalak, Kars and Oltu. On December 25, 1914, in the early months of the First World War, the Ottoman army occupied Ardahan and massacred many of its Armenian and Georgian inhabitants. The Russians captured the town on June 3, 1915, allowing some of the original inhabitants who had fled to return.

As Russian forces withdrew from the front following the October Revolution, a small Armenian volunteer force took up positions to defend the town from the approaching Ottoman Army. On March 6, 1918 the Ottoman army, along with the help of the town"s Muslims, overwhelmed Ardahan"s Armenian garrison and retook the town. The British occupied Ardahan after the end of the First World War and eventually handed control over it to the Democratic Republic of Armenia. When the Turkish Nationalists captured Ardahan in November 1920, the town"s remaining Armenians and Georgians fled to Armenia and Georgia. The Treaty of Moscow, signed the following year between the Soviets and the Turks, confirmed Ardahan as a part of Turkish territory.

In 1960, Ardahan"s population stood at 7,228 and was populated by both Kurds and Turks.

ife in Ardaha
Ardahan is one of the small provincial capitals in Turkey and was until 1993 a small town in the province of Kars. In 1993 the district was made a province, with Ardahan as its regional capital. This resulted in new investment in government buildings and services, but life in mountains that spend half the year under snow is still a struggle.

Kars Kafkas University has an institute in Ardahan. There is also a substantial military presence in the town. The army still occupies the Ottoman fortress and it is inaccessible to visitors. The civil servants, academics, and military officers stationed in Ardahan help to support the local economy. These people have their own clubs and guest houses, while in the town itself there are still few social, cultural, and shopping amenities. There are hotels, mainly used by truck drivers and other travellers crossing into Georgia.

The region is renowned for its hard yellow kaşar cheese, its cattle markets, and its geese.

ignificant Day
"Local Days of Celebration"
* Freedom Day - 23 February
* Commemoration day for Çanakkale Victory - 18 March
* Commemoration day for Air Force Martyrs - 21 March
* Seljuq Conquest of Ardahan - 24 June
* Ram Introduction - 10 October

"Festivals"
* Festival of Animals and Animal Products - 20 August
* Goose Festival - 18 November

nternational relation


win towns—Sister citie
Ardahan is twinned with:
*Akhaltsikhe, Georgia
*Grozny, Russia

ee als
*Ardahan Province

ote


urther readin
* Kyureghyan, Levon. "Կարս և Արտահան" ("Kars and Artahan"). Vienna: Mkhitarian Press, 1949.
* Yeremyan, Suren T. "Հայաստանը ըստ «Աշխարհացույցի»" ("Armenia According to the Ashkharatsuyts"). Yerevan, Armenian SSR: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1963.



ar:أرداهان
ca:Ardahan
de:Ardahan
es:Ardahan
eo:Ardahan
fr:Ardahan
hy:Արդահան
it:Ardahan
he:ארדהאן
sw:Ardahan
ku:Erdêxan
hu:Ardahan
nl:Ardahan (stad)
pl:Ardahan
ru:Ардахан
fi:Ardahan
tr:Ardahan (merkez)
war:Ardahan
diq:Ardahan (suke)
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.09.2018 00:23 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
Overview
 

 

Kommentare zu diesem Artikel
 
Neuer Kommentar
Name *
Email * (wird nicht öffentlich angezeigt)
Kommentar
* Pflichtangaben
 
Diesen Artikel empfehlen

Absender Empfänger Nachricht (optional)
Name
E-Mail

Name
E-Mail
   
 
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
 
REISEPORTAL
: "For other places with the same name, see Turkey (disambiguation)." "Turkey" ("Türkiye") is on the Mediterranean, in the Anatolian region of West Asia, with a small section in Southeastern Europe separated
"Turkey" (), known ficially as the "Republic Turkey" (), is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia and Thrace in the Balkan region southeastern Europe. Turkey is one the six
"Aksaray" is a city in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey and the capital district of Aksaray Province. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 236,560 of which 129,949 live in the city of Aksaray. The district covers an area of ,
"Pazar" is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 37 km east of the city of Rize. tymologThe town was formerly named "Atina" (Αθήνα του Πόντου) and was renamed Pazar "market" in 1928.eographPazar is a
"Keskin" is a town and district of Kırıkkale Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 59,150 of which 34,827 live in the town of Keskin.oteeference* xternal link* Category:Cities,
"Serinhisar" is a town and district of Denizli Province of Turkey. The altitude is 3195 ft.amOther names include "Karia" (in Latin) and "Kızılhisar" (literally "a red castle"). The latter is the name given by the Seljuk Turks as there were brick
 
Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Nachrichtenportal
 
NACHRICHTEN
US President Donald Trump congratulated Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Monday for his victory in a referendum expanding presidential powers, as the US State Department urged Turkey to abide by its constitution and international agreements. Washington
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's retribution against this weekend‘s coup-plotters picked up pace Monday as his EU allies warned him not to go too far, matching talk of reintroducing the death penalty with threats to suspend the path to EU membership. Istanbul
Three suicide bombers struck different points at Istanbul's major international airport, killing 36 people and injuring about 150, in an attack being blamed on Islamic State, as the Turkish city reels from the latest act of terrorism. Istanbul (dpa)
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan gave his approval Tuesday to legislation that will strip the legal immunity of more than 130 parliament members, in a move widely seen as targeting pro-Kurdish lawmakers. Istanbul (dpa) - Erdogan‘s approval,
A suicide bombing on Istanbul's main shopping street on Saturday killed five people, including the assailant, as Turkey reels from the second such attack this week, the latest blast hitting an area popular with tourists. Istanbul (dpa) - Among the
Wetter

Istanbul


(19.09.2018 00:23)

0 / 0 °C


20.09.2018
0 / 0 °C
21.09.2018
0 / 0 °C
powered by wetter.com
Stock News

Ecken
LÄNDER
STÄDTE
EUROPA-TOUREN

Agenda - The Week Ahea ...
Agenda - The Week Ahea ...

Afghan Farah Governor ...
Ministry Warns Cinema ...

Puigdemont won't seek ...
Turkish tensions with ...

URGENT: Norway's Bjoe ...
China highlights Beiji ...

banner

banner

banner

banner

© europe online publishing house GmbH, Weiden, Germany, info@europeonline-magazine.eu | Impressum