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Aranjuez

Spain, Aranjuez
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"Aranjuez" is a town lying 48 km south of Madrid, in the southern part of the Community of Madrid. It is located at the confluence of the Tagus and Jarama rivers. The municipality of Aranjuez has a population of 56,734 (2009). It is located 48 km from Toledo.

Aranjuez is known for the Palacio Real de Aranjuez, one of the Spanish royal sites, and its vast gardens.
The Tagus valley has been intensively farmed since medieval times and the strawberries of Aranjuez are famous throughout Spain. Internationally, Aranjuez has become known through the "Concierto de Aranjuez" by Joaquin Rodrigo. Rodrigo is buried in the town cemetery.

Palace of Aranjuez at night
Chinese Kiosks in the Prince"s Garden
Apollo Fountain in the Prince"s Garden
Map of the districts of Aranjuez

opulatio

*2002: 40,928
*2004: 46,891
*2005: 48,139
*May 2007: 52,873

Government and administration
The city of Aranjuez is divided into the following districts: Centro, Vergel, Olivas, Las Aves, Nuevo Aranjuez, Foso, Moreras and La Montaña. Since 2003, Aranjuez has been governed by Mayor Jesús Miguel Dionisio Ballesteros, of the Socialist Party.

Economy
The main pillars of the local economy are hotels and tourism. Aranjuez has always been an attractive city for tourists with its Royal Palace, the gardens, the Tagus river and the landscapes. In 2001 this city was designated as a World Heritage Cultural landscape by UNESCO, and since then, tourism has kept on increasing. Much money was spent in order to beautify Aranjuez and many pubs and restaurants were opened (from 2001 to 2004 their number increased 22%). In 2005 a large casino was opened in the city and in March 2008 the "Tagus Hospital" was opened.

gricultur
Aranjuez is located on the fertile plain of the Tagus river, and its soil is suitable for growing wheat and other cereals. There are also horticulture plantations (asparagus and strawberries), both irrigated and unirrigated products, vines and melons, which are also typical of the neighbouring region of Castilla-La Mancha.

ndustr
The proximity to Madrid and the good communications by road and rail made Aranjuez a suitable location for industry: detergents, mechanical construction, computer and electrical material, photographic materials, pharmaceutical products, paints and varnishes, sugar refineries, and oil mills.

In recent decades, the sugar refinery and the Agfa photographic factory have closed. Cortefiel, a garment company, plans to build a factory in Aranjuez in the next few years.

The majority of the industries are located to the west of the railway station or in the "Gonzalo Chacón" industrial park, in the south. The main existing industries are:

* Lever Brothers (detergents).
* Indra (computer systems).
* Carburos Metálicos (chemicals).
* Fyse (pharmaceuticals).
* Bosch (electrical components for automobiles).
* Slaughterhouse.

ransportatio

* Important roads:
** Dual carriageway A4 (old N-IV) (Madrid - Cadiz).
** Toll motorway R4, (Madrid-Ocaña).
**N400, (Toledo-Cuenca).

* Railways (Renfe):
** Aranjuez is served by commuter trains to Atocha and Chamartín stations in Madrid.
** Long-distance trains to the East and South of Spain.

Local media
rint medi

* "Heraldo de Aranjuez".
* "Tablón de Anuncios".
* .
* .
* .
* "El Espejo".

adio station
* Onda Aranjuez, 107.8 FM.
* Cadena Ser Aranjuez, 89.3 FM.
* Onda Cero Aranjuez, 90.7 FM.
* Radio Fuga, 92.1 FM.

Sports facilities
* The city has a long tradition of water sports due to its connection with the Tagus river, such as canoeing and rowing. In the Olympic bid of Madrid for the 2012 Olympics, which will be held in London, Aranjuez was the selected site for these sports. In spite of this, there are plans to continue the construction of the necessary sport facilities, which should be finished by 2010.
* Aranjuez has a football team, "Real Aranjuez C.F.", which plays in the Local Stadium, called "El Deleite".
* Nearby Ocaña has a skydiving and gliding centre at the Aerodrome, and most of the skydivers there base themselves in Aranjuez.

istor
* There are several theories about the origin of the name. The most widely-accepted one states that it comes from the Basque language. It is derived from "Arantza" ("hawthorn" in English), "Aran" (meaning valley or plum in English). The old name of the city was "Aranz". During the Middle Ages, the city was known as "Aranzueque" or "Arançuex" until it became "Aranjuez". Other theories say that it comes from Latin "Ara Jovis" or "Ara Iovia", which means Jupiter"s Altar, but currently the Pre-Roman name is preferred.
* Middle Ages: incorporation into Saint James" Order.
* Ferdinand and Isabella, the "Catholic monarchs", converted Aranjuez into a Royal Site. It was the Spring residence of the kings of Spain from the late 19th century.
* Philip II of Spain: Construction of the Royal Palace (Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera).
* 1752: The city of Aranjuez came into being during the reign of Ferdinand VI; previously, only relatives of the monarch were allowed to live in Aranjuez.
* 1808: Mutiny of Aranjuez, by which Charles IV of Spain was forced to abdicate in favour of his son Ferdinand VII of Spain.
* 1851: Opening of the railway line between Madrid and Aranjuez, the so-called Strawberry Train. This was the second railway line in Spain, after that of Barcelona-Mataró (1848).
* 1939: Joaquín Rodrigo composes the Concierto de Aranjuez, which would make Aranjuez famous all over the world.
* 1983: Aranjuez is declared Conjunto Histórico Artístico, literally Historic Artistic Junction.
* 2001: UNESCO lists the Aranjuez Cultural Landscape as a World Heritage Site.

otable people connected with Aranjue
Santiago Rusiñol Statue, who died in Aranjuez in 1931
*Francisco de Asís of Bourbon, husband of queen Isabella II of Spain.
* Francisco Agustín Silvela, Minister of Gobernación and Gracia y Justicia. Vice-President of the Congress of Deputies and Magistrate of the Supreme Court.
*Santiago Rusiñol, painter.
*Joaquín Rodrigo, musician.
*Alicia Hermida, Spanish actress.
*Jose Luis Sampedro, writer.
* Juan Luis Mora Palacios, football player.
* Javier García Portillo, football player.
* Iván Sánchez-Rico Soto alias Riki, football player.
* Pato Clavet, tennis player.
* Ángel Parra (judo), judoka.
* Jesús Hernández, hockey player.

onuments and places of interes
Royal Palace
Façade of the Royal Convent of Saint Pascual
Wharf in Tagus River
* Royal Palace.
* Isle Garden.
* Parterre Garden.
* Prince"s Garden.
* Isabella II"s Garden.
* House of Trades and Knights.
* House of Infantes and Atarfe.
* Pleasure craft Museum.
* Farmhand"s House.
* Saint Anthony Square and Royal Chapel.
* House of Employees (currently Town Hall).
* Alpajes Church.
* Saint Pascual"s Royal Convent.
* Old Saint Charles" Hospital (to be restored).
* Charles III"s Royal Theatre (to be restored, currently in ruins).
* Supply Market.
* Plaza de Toros and Bullfighting Museum "Una Gran Fiesta".
* Medinaceli Palace.
* Governor"s House (currently University of High Studies Centre Phillip II).
* Mother Queen"s old garage, today cultural centre "Isabel de Farnesio".
* Typical corralas.
* Godoy and Osuna Palaces.
* Silvela"s Palace (also known as Bavaria"s Palace).
* Centre of Interpretation of the Natural Reserve "El Regajal-Mar de Ontígola".
* Historical sotos.
* Royal Country Estate of Saint Isidro.

Culture
radition
* In summer it is traditional to eat dinner in the picnic areas next to the Tagus river. These places are called "gangos", a Spanish word used only in Aranjuez.

astronom
* Garden produce: strawberries and asparagus.
* Pheasant, a characteristic gamebird from the area"s forests.

win citie
* Écija (Seville), Spain.
* Le Pecq-sur-Seine (Yvelines), France.

ee als
* List of municipalities in Madrid

xternal link

*Spanish
**
**http://www.forosaranjuez.info
**http://www.aranjuez.ws
**http://www.aranjuez.com
**http://www.aranjuez.tv
**http://www.aranjuez.org
**http://www.portalaranjuez.com
**
**
**http://www.4esquinas.com
**http://www.consumodigital.com
**http://www.divergente.net
**http://www.deportesenaranjuez.com

*English
** include pictures and images of its typical and pintoresque architecture, historical monuments of Aranjuez, parks and gardens of Royal Seat and Village of Aranjuez and their neighbourhood
**
**






Category:Municipalities in Madrid

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 21.11.2018 01:48 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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