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Andorra la Vella

Andorra, Andorra la Vella
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" la Vella" is the capital of the Co-principality of , and is located high in the east Pyrenees between France and Spain. It is also the name of the parish that surrounds the capital.

The principal industry is tourism, although the country also earns foreign income from being a tax-haven. Furniture and brandies are local products.

eography and climat
Valira river in la Vella
la Vella is located in the south west of , at ., at the confluence of two mountain streams, the Valira del Nord and the Valira del Orient, which join to form the Valira River. Located at an elevation of , it is the highest capital city in Europe and a popular ski resort. It has a temperate climate with cold winters and warm, drier summers. Temperatures range from an average of around in January to around in July; there is of precipitation a year.

istor
Town hall
The site of la Vella (literally, " the Old") has been settled since prior to the Christian era — notably by the Andosin tribe from the late Neolithic. The state is one of the "Marca Hispanica" created and protected by Charlemagne in the eighth century as a buffer from the Moorish settlers in the Iberian Peninsula .

The settlement has been the principal city of since 1278 when the French and the Episcopal co-princes agreed to joint suzerainty. La Vella"s old town — the "Barri Antic" — includes streets and buildings dating from this time. Its most notable building is the "Casa de la Vall" — constructed in the early sixteenth century — which has been the state"s parliamentary house since 1707. la Vella was, during this period, the capital of a largely isolated and feudal state, which retained its independence due to this principle of co-sovereignty.

Well into the twentieth century, the area around La Vella remained largely forgotten; indeed the state was not part of the Treaty of Versailles, simply because it was not noticed. After political turmoil in the 1930s and an attempted coup by King Boris I, an informal democracy developed.

In 1993, the country"s first constitution formalised this parliamentary democracy with executive, legislative, and judicial branches located in la Vella.

During this period, also developed as a tax haven, resulting in the construction of modern banking offices in La Vella. The city also developed its skiing facilities, to the extent that la Vella was "s applicant city for the XXI Olympic Winter Games, the 2010 Winter Olympics. However, la Vella was not selected by the IOC as a candidate city, following the evaluation report of an IOC commission. It also hosted both the 1991 and 2005 Games of the Small States of Europe.

ubdivision
The parish of la Vella is divided into the villages of la Vella itself, La Margineda and Santa Coloma.

ransportatio
Surprisingly for a capital city, it is three hours" drive from the nearest airports at Toulouse, Girona, Perpignan and Barcelona. This is a result of its small population size and highly mountainous terrain. It also has no train station, although there is a bus service linking the city to the French train station at L"Hospitalet-près-l"Andorre, which has mainline services to Paris and also to the airport of El Prat of Barcelona.

emographics and languag

Native ns, whom are ethnically Catalan, account for only a third (33%) of the population, with the plurality being Spanish (43%), and notable minorities of Portuguese (11%) and French (7%) . Catalan is the official language, although Spanish, Portuguese and French are also spoken. Most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholics, with a high life expectancy of over 80 years .

ights and cultur
Central streets of la Vella
The city"s old town is characterized by old stone streets and houses. The central "Església de Sant Esteve" (Saint Stephen) church is part of the area that guidebooks often label as a picturesque part of the city. This was built in a Romanesque style in the eleventh century. As mentioned earlier, the old town also includes the country"s historic parliament building. Probably the oldest building in the city is another church, dating from the ninth century, of Santa Coloma.

The city is the country"s cultural centre, with the Government Exhibition Hall acting as a main theatre and museum. The piazza outside the parliament building is also the location of a number of events, and the town hosts a music festival every winter.

conom
la Vella is the country"s commercial centre. In the country as a whole, 80% of the GDP is derived from the 10 million tourists who visit annually. The city is also the centre for the many banks and businesses that thrive from its tax haven status. The state is not a member of the European Union, but has a customs arrangement with the EU, and uses the Euro.

otable peopl
* The n ski mountaineers Joan Vilana Díaz and Sophie Dusautoir Bertrand were born in la Vella.

nternational relation
win towns — sister citie
la Vella is twinned with:
* "Valls", Spain

eference


xternal link
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Category:Capitals in Europe
Category:Cities, towns and villages in
Category:Parishes of

af: la Vella
am:አንዶራ ላ ቬላ
ang: la Vella
ar:أندورا لا فيلا
an: la Biella
roa-rup: la Vella
frp:-la-Vielye
az: la Vella
bn:আন্দরা লা ভেলিয়া
zh-min-nan: la Vella
be:Горад Андора-ла-Велья
be-x-old:Андора ля Вэлья
bs: la Vella
bg:Андора ла Веля
ca: la Vella
cv:Андорра-ла-Вьеха
cs: la Vella
co: la Vella
cy: la Vella
da: la Vella
de: la Vella
et: la Vella
el:Ανδόρρα λα Βέγια
es: la Vieja
eo:Andoro Malnova
eu: la Vella
fa:آندورا لاولا
fr:Andorre-la-Vieille
gv: la Vella
gd: la Vella
gl: a Vella - la Vella
ko:안도라라베야
hy:Անդորրա-լա-Վիեխա
hr: la Vella
id: la Vella
os:Андоррæ-ла-Велья
is: la Vella
it: la Vella
he:אנדורה לה ולה
ka:ანდორა-ლა-ველა
kw: la Vella
sw: la Vella
kv:Андорра-ла-Велья
ht:Andò-la-Vyèy
ku: la Vella
la: Vetus
lv:Andora la Velja
lb: la Vella
lt:Andora (miestas)
lij:A Vella
ln: la Vella
lmo: la Vella
hu: la Vella
mk:Андора ла Вела
ml:അന്‍ഡോറ ല വെല്ല
mr:आंदोरा ला व्हेया
nah: in Huehcāuh
na: la Vella
nl: la Vella
ja:アンドラ・ラ・ベリャ
no: la Vella
nn: la Vella
nov: la Vella
oc:Andòrra la Vièlha
pnb:انڈورا لا ویلا
pms: la Vella
pl:Andora (miasto)
pt:-a-Velha
ro: la Vella
rm: la Vella
qu: la Vella
ru:Андорра-ла-Велья
se: la Vella
sq: la Vella
simple: la Vella
sk: (mesto)
sl: la Vella
sr:Андора ла Веља
sh: la Vella
fi: la Vella
sv: la Vella
tl:Lungsod ng la Vella
tt: la Vella
tet: Tuan
tg:Андорра-ла-Веля
tr: la Vella
uk:Андорра-ла-Велья
ug:ئاندوررا كەنتى
vi: la Vella
vo: la Vella
war: la Vella
wo: la Vella
diq: la Vella
bat-smg:Anduora (miests)
zh:安道尔城
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 18.12.2017 09:48 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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Map of showing Escaldes-Engordany parish"Escaldes-Engordany" is one of the parishes of . The parish is composed of the areas of les Escaldes, Engordany, Vilars d"Engordany, Engolasters, and El Fener. As of 2005 it has a population of 16,918. Notable
Map of showing Ordino parish.The 12th century Romanesque "Sant Corneli and Sant Cebrià" church and belltower in Ordino."Ordino" is the most northerly parish in the Principality of . Ordino is also the name of the main town of the parish. The main
" la Vella" is the capital of the Co-principality of , and is located high in the east Pyrenees between France and Spain. It is also the name of the parish that surrounds the capital.The principal industry is tourism, although the country also earns
Map of showing Escaldes-Engordany parish"Escaldes-Engordany" is one of the parishes of . The parish is composed of the areas of les Escaldes, Engordany, Vilars d"Engordany, Engolasters, and El Fener. As of 2005 it has a population of 16,918. Notable
Map of showing Escaldes-Engordany parish"Escaldes-Engordany" is one of the parishes of . The parish is composed of the areas of les Escaldes, Engordany, Vilars d"Engordany, Engolasters, and El Fener. As of 2005 it has a population of 16,918. Notable
Map of showing Escaldes-Engordany parish"Escaldes-Engordany" is one of the parishes of . The parish is composed of the areas of les Escaldes, Engordany, Vilars d"Engordany, Engolasters, and El Fener. As of 2005 it has a population of 16,918. Notable
 
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Andorra la Vella


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