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Anderlecht

Belgium, Anderlecht
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"Anderlecht" is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region.

There are several historically and architecturally distinct districts within the Anderlecht municipality. One of the most interesting is La Roue.

ronunciatio
* Dutch:
* French:

istor
rigins and medieval time
The first traces of human activity on the right bank of the Senne date from the Stone Age and Bronze Age. The remnants of a Roman villa and of a Frankish necropolis were also found on the territory of Anderlecht. The first mention of the name Anderlecht, however, dates only from 1047 under the forms "Anrelech", then "Andrelet" (1111), "Andreler" (1148), and "Anderlech" (1186). At that time, this community was already home to a chapter of canons and to two feudal manors, those of the powerful lords of Aa and of Anderlecht.

In 1356, Louis of Male, Count of Flanders fought against Brussels on the territory of Anderlecht, in the so-called Battle of "Scheut", supposedly over a monetary matter. Although he defeated his sister-in-law, Joanna, Duchess of Brabant, and briefly took her title, she regained it the following year with the help of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1393, Joanna’s charter made Anderlecht a part of Brussels. It is also around this time that the church of Saint Guido was rebuilt above the earlier Romanesque crypt in the Brabant Gothic style.

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5th century until no
The city of Anderlecht became a beacon of culture in the 15th and 16th century. In 1521, Erasmus lived in the canons’ house for a few months. Charles, Duke of Aumale and Grand Veneur of France also had a residence here.

Anderlecht town hall
The 17th and 18th century were marked by the wars between the Low Countries and France. On November 13, 1792, right after the Battle of Jemappes, General Dumouriez and the French Revolutionary army routed the Austrians here once again. Among the consequences were the disbanding of the canons and Anderlecht being proclaimed an independent commune by the French. The 19th century saw a remarkable population growth, mainly because of the proximity to a rapidly expanding Brussels. Remarkable new urban developments and garden cities such as "Het Rad" and "Moortenbeek" were built at the beginning of the 20th century to house the influx of newcomers. Today, the name Anderlecht rings a bell in every Belgian ear thanks to its very successful football club.

vent
The annual Anderlecht fair, originally a cattle fair, was authorized by William II of the Netherlands in 1825. Since then, it has taken the form of a series of celebrations, which still include animal shows but also outdoors exhibitions, a floral show, and the recreation of a religious procession in honor of Saint Guido.

ight
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*The Collegial Church of Saint Peter and Saint Guido is still at the centre of the city. Its Romanesque crypt dates from the 10th century and is one of the oldest in Belgium. Most of the church, however, dates from 1350 and later.
*Right next to the church, the old beguinage is home to a local historical museum.
*The “House of Erasmus”, built around 1450, and its medicinal garden can be visited nearby.
*Anderlecht also offers the Cantillon Brewery - a gueuze museum housed in an actual working brewery, and a China museum, housed in a convent of the CICM Missionaries.

amous inhabitant
*Desiderius Erasmus, humanist and theologian (1466-1536)
*Philippe Thys, cyclist and three-time champion of the Tour de France (1890-1971)
*Maurice Carême, poet (1899-1978)
*Régine, singer and inventor of the discothèque (b. 1929)
*Henri Simonet, politician and mayor (1931-1996)
*William Vance, comic book artist (b. 1935)
*Jacques Simonet, politician and mayor (1963-2007)

port
Anderlecht is the home of the football club R.S.C. Anderlecht, the most successful Belgian football team in European competition as well as in the Belgian First Division.

nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Anderlecht is twinned with:
* Boulogne-Billancourt
* Neukölln
*: London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham
* Zaandam
* Marino

ource

* (only in French or Dutch)
*



Category:Cities and towns in Belgium
Category:Municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region
Category:Romanesque sites in Belgium

bs:Anderleht
br:Anderlecht
bg:Андерлехт
ca:Anderlecht
cs:Anderlecht
de:Anderlecht
es:Anderlecht
eo:Anderlecht
eu:Anderlecht
fr:Anderlecht
ko:안더레흐트
hr:Anderlecht
id:Anderlecht
it:Anderlecht
la:Anderlacum
li:Anderlech
lmo:Anderlecht
hu:Anderlecht
nl:Anderlecht
no:Anderlecht
pl:Anderlecht
pt:Anderlecht
ro:Anderlecht
ru:Андерлехт
simple:Anderlecht
sv:Anderlecht
tr:Anderlecht
vo:Anderlecht
wa:Anderlek
zh:安德莱赫特
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 14.07.2020 13:01 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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