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Amiens

France, Amiens
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"Amiens" () is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille . It is the capital of the Somme department in Picardy. The city had a population of 136,105 according to the 2006 census.
eograph
it
Amiens lies on the basin of the Somme more or less where the rivers Selle, Avre and the Somme meet. The old town is situated in a swampy area at the bottom of the valley. The river Somme is usually calm but exceptional floods have already occurred such as in 2001.

limat
The town has a typical oceanic climate of northern France. It is characterised by regular rainfalls, rather fresh winters and mild summers.
However sporadic cold waves can occur, usually in January of February, as well as heat waves in summer.

ituatio
Amiens is a hub between:
*the Île de France and the rest of the North of France
*Normandy and Benelux
*France and Great Britain
However the major European traffic ways that represent the A1 motorway and the Paris-Lille TGV line do not serve the town directly.

uartiers&Village
Amiens comprises a certain number of neighbourhood ("quartiers" in French) with their own characteristics, among which St-Leu, St-Maurice, Henriville or St-Acheul.

aint Le
St-Leu remains the most famous area. It lies at the north of the town-centre at the feet of the cathedral. Numerous canals run through its typical wooden and bricken houses. It used to be a poor part of the town which has been renovated during the 1990s. It is nowadays one of the most touristic areas of Amiens gathering various cafés restaurants and discothèques. It is also the place for the local culture, with Chés Cabotans theatre(puppet shows in Picard language) and La Lune des Pirate, a famous concert room. It has also become home for lots of students bringing night life to the town.
This is also where the Faculty of Sciences as well as the Faculty of Law & Economics are.

aint Mauric
Situated in between the east of the citadel and the Madeleine cimetary, St-Maurice is one of the industrial parts of Amiens. It is a working-class area which is being currently renovated and rearranged. The walls of the town"s former dying manufacture are now those of the École Supérieure d"Art et de Design (ESAD) as well as those of the Faculty of Arts. The École supérieure d"ingénieurs en électronique et électrotechnique (ESIEE) is in the same neighbourhood.

enrivill
The Henriville neighbourhood was mostly built during the 19th century after the demolition of the city wall. It lies at the south of the town-centre and gathers numerous bourgeois houses and a certain number of town houses such as Jules Verne"s house. Several examples of the architectural styles of the times like néoclassique, troubadour and néogothique, can be found there.

aint Acheu
This is where archeologic excavations have enabled to discover prehistorical rests, which have given the name of the area to a prehistorical era "Acheulean" (also spelled Acheulian, pronounced /əˈʃuːliən/). In St-Acheul also lies a famous 1914-1918 military cimetary. It comprises the so called "English neighbourhood" with typical English style houses.
At the feet of this area lies the hortillonnages.

ther Neighbourhood
There are also other famous working-class areas in Amiens, such as the Pigeonnier famous for its weekend market in the north, Etouvie in the east, and Victorine Autier in the south-east. These areas know lots of social troubles and have regularly been the place for riots.

ransportatio
otorway
Amiens is served by several motorways
*A16 to Calais via Abbeville and Boulogne-sur-mer
*A16 to Paris via Beauvais
*A29 to Rouen and Le Havre via Neufchâtel-en-Bray
*A29 to Reims via Saint-Quentin and Laon
*A24 the project of building the motorway to Lille via Doullens has been abandonned in 2006 after discontents.

ailway
Amiens has two stations: the Gare du Nord and the Gare St-Roch
*to Lille-Flandres via Arras and Douai
*to Boulogne via Abbeville
*to Paris-Nord via Creil or Compiegne
*to Reims via Tergnier
*to Rouen
The station TGV Haute-Picardie has also been built on the TGV line Lille-Paris which is reachable bus from Amiens

irport
In addition to the aerodrome of Glisy in the east of the town, Amiens is located nearby several airports
*Beauvais-Tillé (reachable by bus)
*Lille-Lesquin (via the A29 and A1 or by train)
*Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle (via the A29 and A1, via the A16, or by train)

aterway
The Somme canal runs through the town to the English Channel. This canal is linked to the Canal du Nord (Paris to Lille metropolitan area)

rban transportatio
The town"s public transport network is managed by Ametis. It links most of Amiens Metropole"s communes.
The project of building a tramway network is currently in debate.
In 2008 the municipality has set the Vélam, a system of public bikes similar to those of other European cities.

tymolog
Originally called Samarobriva ("Somme bridge"), the name of the local celtic tribe "Ambiani" has given its name to the city "Amiens" during the 4th century.

eraldr
100px
Motto « Liliis tenaci vimine jungor » in other words « A strong link unites me to the lily » the lily being the symbol of the Crown of France.

istor
rehistor
The Paleolithic culture named Acheulean was named for its first identified site, in Saint-Acheul, a neighbourhood of Amiens.

ntiquit
Amiens, the Roman ""Samarobriva"", was the central settlement of the Ambiani, one of the principal tribes of Gaul, who were issuing coinage, probably from Amiens, in the first century BC. By tradition, it was at the gates of Amiens that Saint Martin of Tours, at the time still a Roman soldier, shared his cloak with a naked beggar.
The prosperity of the city made it a target for barbarian tribes such as the Alans, the Burgundians or the Vandals. They take over the city several times.

iddle Age

During the 5th century, the Franks headed by Clodio. Merovech is elected in Amiens by his comrades in arms.
Saint Honorius (Honoré) (d. 600 AD) was the seventh bishop of the city.

In 859 the city is sacked by the Normans. In 882 they attack again, take over the city and burn the cathedral

In 1095 Amiens benefits of the rough-shape of a municipal organisation. In 1113 the city is recognised by the King of France.

Joined to the Crown of France in 1185

In 1264, Amiens was the seat of arbitrations by King Louis IX of France in the conflict between King Henry III of England and his rebellious barons, led by Simon de Montfort. The arbitrations led to Louis deciding on the Mise of Amiens – a one-sided settlement in favour of Henry. This decision almost immediately led to the outbreak of the Barons" War.

In 1435 the city is given to Burgundy with the Congress of Arras

In 1477 Amiens was acquired by Louis XI

odern er
o the 20th centur
In 1597 the Spaniards attack the city: the soldiers disguised in peasants come into the city. After six months of siege, Henry IV takes over the city and put an end to its autonomous gestion.

During the 18th and 19th century, Amiens and its textile tradition becomes famous with its velours. The Cosserat family becomes one of the richest family of the richest one in Amiens" great textile manifacturing families.

In 1789 the Provinces of France are demantles and the territory is organised into departments. Picardy is itself dismantled and Amiens becomes the head-city of the new-created department of Somme.

On March 25th, 1802 the United Kingdom and France sign the Treaty of Amiens and put an end to the Second Coalition against France.

During the 19th century, Amiens benefits of the industrial revolution, develops and grows. Its walls are demolished leaving space for large boulevards around the town-centre. In its south is built the Henriville area.

In 1848 the first railway going through Amiens is built, linking the city to Boulogne-sur-Mer

The city no longer develops itself around the river, but to its higher parts.

In 1849 like in every other communes of France, the male citizens can vote for the first time with the universal suffrage

During the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, the department is invaded by the Prussians and Amiens is occupied.

rom the 20th centur
he First World Wa

Amiens was bombarded.
The Battle of Amiens was the opening phase of the Hundred Days Offensive in World War I. This offensive led to the armistice which ended the war.

he Second World Wa
During World War II, on 18 February 1944, Nazi-occupied Amiens was the site of Operation Jericho, a British operation which freed 258 people by bombing Amiens prison. The city is bombarded, great parts of its centre and the main station are destroyed.

he After-Wa

The city is rebuilt according to Pierre Dufau"s plans aiming at enlarging the streets to make the traffic easier. The buildings are mostly built with bricks, whites stones and slate roofs such as the Place Gambetta and concret. The Place de la Gare with its Tour Perret is drawn by August Perret.

In May 1968 Amiens"s students join their fellow Parisians" movement of contestation. The factory and the railway workers join them a few days later.
Without knowing the violence of Paris Amiens quickly gets paralysed. Leftist and far-right fight.
After the address of President De Gaulle on May 31, its suppoters demonstrate on the street.
Next October the Loi Dufaur is passed and the University of Amiens (Université d"Amiens) is founded, the Campus is built in the south-wester suburban area.

The decree of 2 April 1969 gives the first shape of the administrative regions.

ince the 1970"

The Law of 4 July, 1972 is passed, creating the Conseils régionaux. The administrative Regions are created. The new Picardy gathers the departments of Aisne, Oise and Somme

From the 1970s the municipality of Amiens starts to buy and renovate the degraded area of St-Leu.

During the late 1970s and particularly the 1980s, Amiens which was mostly an industrial city faces numerous job-cuts and manufacture closings. Its unemployment rate increases.

The 1990s are a great period of reconversion. The city which is historically left-wing lined up elects centre-right mayor. St-Leu is renovated, sectors of the University are moved to the town-centre. The Vallée des Vignes area is built in the south. (nowadays put into question for its isolation and car-centred organisation). Whole streets of the town-centre are transformed into pedestrian areas.

During the 2000s the Gare du Nord is renovated and its place is covered with a glass-roof which triggered much controversy. The Tour Perret is renovated as well and the cinema complex is built. The area of the station starts its reorganisation.

nternational relation

win towns — sister citie

Amiens is twinned with:
* Dortmund, Germany
* Görlitz, Germany
* Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States of America
* Darlington, England, United Kingdom
* Nafplio, Greece

ight
he Cathedra
The cathedral in Amiens
Amiens Cathedral (a World Heritage Site) is the tallest of the large "classic" Gothic churches of the 13th century and is the largest in France of its kind. After a fire destroyed the former cathedral, the new nave was begun in 1220 - and finished in 1247. Amiens Cathedral is notable for the coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation, the particularly fine display of sculptures on the principal façade and in the south transept, and the labyrinth, and other inlays of its floor. It is described as the "Parthenon of Gothic architecture," and by John Ruskin as "Gothic, clear of Roman tradition and of Arabian taint, Gothic pure, authoritative, unsurpassable, and unaccusable."

he belfr
he Circu
he Perret Towe

Amiens is also known for the "hortillonnages," gardens on small islands in the marshland along the Somme River, surrounded by a grid network of man-made canals.

ultur
inema
*Studio Orson Welles
*Cinema Gaumont Amiens
*Ciné St-Leu

useum
*Museum of the Hôtel Berny (Arts, History)
*Museum of Picardy (Arts, Archeology, Ethnology...)
*Museum of Natural History

heatre
*La Comedie de Picardie
*La Maison de la Culture
*Chés Cabotan(Puppet show in Picard)
*La Maison du Théatre

oncert hall
The city counts a certain number of concert rooms, mostly small alternative ones but not only. Numerous concerts happen in pubs along the year.
*Le Zénith Amiens
*La Lune des Pirates
*La Maison de la Culture
*Mégacité

xhibition hall
*Le Safran
*Mégacité
*Maison de la culture
*Archives départementales
*Centre Jacques Tati
*Maison de l"architecture

ducatio
The city gathers a large range of schools and faculties
*The University of Picardy which provides large options of studies
**Faculty of Medicin and Pharmacy
**Faculty of Law, Politics and Economics
**Faculty of Sciences
**IUP MIAGE (computing in companies)
**Faculty of Human Sciences, Literature, Languages, Sport Sciences
**IUT (Institut Universitaire Technique) of Management, Administration, Computing, Mechanical Engineering, Biological Engineering, Commercial Management.
**Faculty of Arts
**Free training courses
*Preparatory courses for sciences, economics, biology schools...
*ESIEE(Engereering School of Electronics and Electrotechnics)
*Commerce school
*ISAM(Institute of Management and Administration)
*ESAD(School of Art and Design)
*BTS(advanced vocational diploma)of audio-visual methods
*Nursing School
*Midwifes School
*Physiotherapy and Massage School
*Teachers School
...
edia
ewspaper
*The Courrier Picard
*The Journal des Amienois(JDA) (newspaper of the municipality)
*The Fakir
*Agir en Picardie (administrative region newspaper)
*Vivre en Somme (département newspaper)

adi
*France Bleu Picardie
*Radio Campus Amiens

V Channel
* (part of )

astonom
*The Macarons d"Amiens
*The Chocolate Tuiles
*The Flamiche
*The "Summer Rambo," an heirloom apple cultivar, originated near Amiens sometime during the 16th century.
*Duck pâté

ee als
*Treaty of Amiens
*Battle of Amiens (disambiguation page)
*Operation Jericho

eference
*

*http://www.annuairemairie.com/consultation/intercommunalite/detail/80/343/263303/communaute_d_agglomeration_amiens_metropole

xternal link
*
* "Hortillons": http://perso.club-internet.fr/claudine.bienaime/parcsjardins.htm#parchortillons
*
*
*
* - Business Directory
*
*
*








Category:Communes of Somme

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 12.08.2022 11:52 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
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|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
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|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
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