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Almere

Netherlands, Almere
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"Almere" () is a city and municipality in the province of Flevoland, the Netherlands, bordering Lelystad and Zeewolde. The municipality of Almere comprises the districts Almere Stad, Almere Haven, Almere Buiten, Almere Hout, Almere Poort (under construction) and Almere Pampus (design phase).

Almere is one of the youngest cities in the Netherlands: the first house was finished in 1976, and Almere became a municipality in 1984. It is the largest municipality in Flevoland with
184,405 citizens (7 July 2008) . Retrieved on 2008-06-09., and the 8th largest in the Netherlands . Retrieved on 2008-06-09.. In October 2007, the city council of Almere made agreements with the government to expand the city to 350,000 inhabitants by 2030 . Retrieved on 2008-06-09..

istory
The original plans for the IJsselmeerpolders saw the land being used for agriculture. However, after World War II housing was needed for the rapidly growing population of Amsterdam and two towns were planned in the polders Oostelijk Flevoland and Zuidelijk Flevoland. The town in Oostelijk Flevoland became Lelystad. The town in Zuidelijk Flevoland was still called "Zuidweststad" (English: South West City) on the first sketches, but in the 1970s it became called "Almere", named after the early medieval name of the Zuiderzee. The first house in Almere was finished in 1976. At that time the town was
still controlled by the "Openbaar Lichaam Zuidelijke IJsselmeerpolders" (Z.IJ.P.), with a Landdrost. In 1984 Almere became an official municipality. Originally, Almere was envisioned as a town with multiple centres. This idea was later abandoned in favor of allowing neighbourhoods like Tussen de Vaarten to be built. There is also a difference between the way houses are built in the oldest and the newest parts of the city. The housing plan in Almere in the 1970s was basic functionality and a levelling of social status. However, starting in the 1990s more exclusive homes with striking designs were built (e.g., in the "Regenboogbuurt").

overnanc
ocal executiv
Former minister Annemarie Jorritsma-Lebbink (VVD) has been the mayor of Almere since 16 August 2003. On 7 April 2006 the new council was
inaugurated.
* Adri Duivesteijn (PvdA)
* Johanna Haanstra (PvdA)
* Arno Visser (VVD)
* Martine Visser (CDA/ CU)

A list of mayors:
* 1984 - 1986 Han Lammers (PvdA)
* 1986 - 1993 Cees de Cloe (PvdA)
* 1993 - 1994 Cees Roozemond (PvdA, supervisor)
* 1994 - 1998 Ralph Pans (PvdA)
* 1998 - 2003 Hans Ouwerkerk (PvdA)
* 2003 - 2003 Jaap van der Doef (PvdA, supervisor)
* 2003 - present Annemarie Jorritsma-Lebbink (VVD)

ity counci
The first local council was installed on 2 January 1984 in the presence of the then minister of the Interior Koos Rietkerk. The council elections took place on 21 September 1983. Prior to 1984 Almere had an "Adviesraad", which was chosen every 2 years (1978-1980, 1980-1982, 1982-1984). This "Adviesraad" was made up of different political parties similar to a local council. On 11 March 1977 the first "adviescommissie" was elected. It consisted of 5 people that were chosen on personal title.
Since 1998, the council of Almere has a total of 39 members.



nternational relation

win towns — Sister citie
Almere maintains international relations with the following twin cities: . Retrieved on 2008-02-23. . Retrieved on 2008-02-23.
* Aalborg, Denmark
* České Budějovice, Czech Republic
* Dmitrov, Russia
* Haapsalu, Estonia
* Kumasi, Ghana
* Lancaster, United Kingdom
* Milton Keynes, United Kingdom
* Rendsburg, Germany
* Växjö, Sweden

eograph
Satellite image of Southern and Eastern Flevoland.
Map of Almere.
Almere is located in the polder of Southern Flevoland (Dutch: "Zuidelijk Flevoland"). It is the most western municipality of the province Flevoland. It borders with Lake Marken in the west and north, Lelystad in the northeast, Zeewolde in the east, and Lake Gooi in the south.

Almere consists of six districts (Dutch: "stadsdelen"), three of which are under construction. . Retrieved on 2008-02-23.


emograph
Almere is known for hosting Defqon1, an annual Q-dance rave/hardstyle event, which attracts around 40,000 people.
Theater "Schouwburg Almere"


ranspor
The traffic infrastructure in Almere is recognisable because of its
separate infrastructure for cycles (which have separate cycle paths), cars
and buses (In Almere the buses drive on a separate bus lane).
Almere is connected to the motorways the A6 and the
A27.

Railway
In 1987 Almere was connected to the national railway system (see
NS) in 1988 with the fully completed
Flevolijn which connected Weesp to Lelystad Centrum.
Almere currently has five railway stations:
*Almere Muziekwijk (opened in 1987)
*Almere Centrum (opened in 1987)
*Almere Parkwijk (opened in 1996)
*Almere Buiten (opened in 1987)
*Almere Oostvaarders (opened in 2004).
A sixth station for Almere Poort will probably open within 3 years.

ublic buse
In Almere there are 10 bus lines which service the urban area:
* 1 Almere Buiten Stripheldenbuurt-Almere Haven De Marken
* 2 CS Almere-Gooisekant
* 3 Almere de Vaart-Almere Haven Centrun
* 4 CS Almere-Almere Poort Columbuskwartier
* 5 Almere Oostvaarders-Almere "t Oor (bus station)
* 6 CS Almere-Almere Parkwijk
* 7 Almere Noorderplassen-Almere Sallandsekant
* 8 CS Almere-Kemphaan
* 9 Almere Buiten-Almere de Vaart
* 10 Almere Buiten- Almere Stad Gooisekant

Most buses run about every 7 minutes.
The bus company that runs the buses is called Connexxion and the
name of the local bus system is called Maxx Almere owned by
Connexxion. In the buses one can use the national bus tickets,
subscriptions or one can buy bus tickets of Maxx Almere.

Besides the local bus lines there are regional bus lines to Hilversum,
Zeewolde, Harderwijk, Schiphol, Amsterdam Amstel

eference


External links

* (official website)
* (English language section of the official website)
*
* (people"s stories about Almere)
* http://www.almerestadchatbox.nl/ (Chatbox and forum for people in Almere)



Category:Cities in the Netherlands
Category:Flevoland
Category:Cities, towns and villages in Flevoland
Category:Settlements established in the 1970s
Category:Almere
Category:Planned cities
Category:New towns

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 16.10.2019 22:09 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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