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France, Aix-en-Provence
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"Aix" (, medieval Occan "Aics)," or "Aix--Provce" (Provçal Occan: "Ais de Provça" in classical norm, or "Ais de Prouvènço" in Mistralian norm, both pronounced or ) to distinguish from other cies built over hot springs, is a cy in southern ance, some north of Marseille. It is in the region of Provce-Alpes-Côte d"Azur, in the departmt of Bouches-du-Rhône, of which is a sub-prefecture. The population of Aix is approximately 140,200. Its inhabants are called "Aixois" or, less commonly, "Aquisextains".

:"For the ecclesiastical history, see Archdiocese of Aix"
Espariat street in Aix--Provce.

Aix ("Aquae Sextiae") was founded in 123 BC by the Roman consul Sextius Calvinus, who gave his name to s springs."Encyclopædia Brannica Elevth Edion", article . In 102 BC s neighbourhood was the sce of the Battle of Aquae Sextiae wh Romans under Gaius Marius defeated the Cimbri and Teutones, wh mass suicides among the captured wom, which passed into Roman legds of manic heroism. cf Jerome, letter cxxiii, , 8, 409 A.D.

In the 4th ctury AD became the metropolis of Narbonsis Secunda. It was occupied by the Visigoths in 477. In the succeeding ctury, the town was repeatedly plundered by the anks and Lombards, and was occupied by the Saracs in 731 and by Charles Martel in 737. Aix, which during the Middle Ages was the capal of Provce, did not reach s zh until after the 12th ctury, wh, under the houses of Aragon and Anjou, became an artistic ctre and seat of learning.

Aix passed to the crown of ance wh the rest of Provce in 1487, and in 1501 Louis XII established there the parliamt of Provce, which existed until 1789. In the 17th and 18th cturies, the town was the seat of the Intdance of Provce.

Currt archeological excavations in the Ville des Tours, a medieval suburb of Aix, have unearthed the remains of a roman amphheatre.

eography and climat
Aix--Provce is suated in a plain overlooking the Arc, about a mile from the right bank of the river. The cy slopes gtly from north to south and the Montagne Sainte-Victoire can easily be se to the east. Aix"s posion in the south of ance gives a warm climate. It has an average January temperature of 5°C and a July average of 22°C. It has an average of 300 days of sunshine and only 91 days of rain. While is partially protected from the Mistral, Aix does occasionally suffer from the cold gusty condions brings.

Unlike most of ance which has an oceanic climate, Aix--Provce has a Mederranean climate.

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ain sight
Les Deux Garçons
Place de l"Hotel de Ville
The Cathedral Cloisters
La Rotonde
Quartier Mazarin

The Cours Mirabeau is a wide thoroughfare, planted wh double rows of plane-trees, bordered by fine houses and decorated by fountains. It follows the line of the old cy wall and divides the town into two sections. The new town extds to the south and west; the old town, wh s wide but irregular streets and s old mansions dating from the 16th, 17th and 18th cturies, lies to the north. Along this avue, which is lined on one side wh banks and on the other wh cafés, is the Deux Garçons, the most famous brasserie in Aix. Built in 1792, has be frequted by the likes of Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola and Ernest Hemingway.

The Cathedral of the Holy Saviour (Cathédrale Saint Sauveur) is suated to the north in the medieval part of Aix. Built on the se of a former Roman forum and an adjact basilica, contains a mixture of all styles from the 5th to the 17th ctury, including a richly decorated portal in the Gothic style wh doors elaborately carved in walnut. The interior contains 16th ctury tapestries, a 15th ctury triptych, depicting King Ré and his wife on the side panels, as well as a Merovingian baptistery, s Raissance dome supported by original Roman columns. The archbishop"s palace (Palais de l"Archêveché) and a Romanesque cloister adjoin the cathedral on s south side. Michelin Guide to Provce, ISBN 2-06-137503-0, pages 67-68. The Archbishopric of Aix is now shared wh Arles.

Among s other public instutions, Aix also has the second most important Appeal Court (Palais de Justice) outside of Paris, located near the se of the former Palace of the Counts (Palais des Comtes) of Provce.

The Hôtel de Ville, a building in the classical style of the middle of the 17th ctury, looks onto a picturesque square (place de l"Hôtel de Ville). It contains some fine woodwork and tapestries. At s side rises a handsome clock-tower erected in 1510. Also on the Place de l"Hôtel de Ville is the former Corn Exchange (1759-1761) (Halle de Grains). This ornately decorated 18th ctury building was designed by the Vallon brothers. Nearby are the remarkable thermal springs, containing lime and carbonic acid, that first drew the Romans to Aix and gave the name "Aquae Sextiae". A spa was built in 1705 near the remains of the ancit Roman baths of Sextius. Encyclopedia Brannica, .

South of the Cours Mirabeau is the "Quartier Mazarin". This residtial district was constructed for the gtry of Aix by the brother of Cardinal Mazarin in the last half of the 17th ctury and contains several notable "hôtels particuliers". The thirteth ctury church of Saint-Jean-de-Malte contains valuable pictures and a rectly restored organ. Next to is the Musée Granet, devoted to European painting and sculpture.

Aix is oft referred to as the cy of a thousand fountains.Laurce Labrouche, "Ariane Mnouchkine: un parcours théâtral: le terrassier, l"fant et le voyageur", L"Harmattan (1999), ISBN 2738480225, page 66, "la ville aux mille fontaines" Among the most notable are the 17th ctury Fontaine des Quatre Dauphins (Fountain of the Four Dolphins) in the Quartier Mazarin, designed by Jean-Claude Rambot, , page 69. The fountain was built in 1667. and three of the fountains down the ctral Cours Mirabeau: At the top, a 19th ctury fountain depicts the "good king" Ré holding the Muscat grapes that he introduced to Provce in the 15th ctury; half-way down is a natural hot water fountain (34°C), covered in moss, dating back to the Romans; and at the bottom at la Rotonde, the hub of modern Aix, stands a monumtal fountain from 1860 beath three giant statues represting art, justice and agriculture. In the older part of Aix, there are also fountains of note in the Place d"Albertas and the Place des Trois-Ormeaux.

The Instute of Polical Studies
Aix has long be a universy town: Louis II of Anjou granted a royal charter for a universy in 1409. Today Aix remains an important educational ctre, wh many teaching and research instutes:
* Universé de Provce Aix-Marseille I, specialising in the humanies in Aix.
* Universé de la Méderranée Aix-Marseille II, specialising in economics in Aix.
* Universé Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III, specialising principally in law, economics, polical scice and administration in Aix.
* Instut d"études poliques d"Aix--Provce (IEP), an Instute of Polical Studies
* Instut de l"Aménagemt Régional, an instute in the Universé Paul Cézanne for town and country planning.
* École Nationale Supérieure d"Arts et Métiers
* Instut d"Etudes ançaises pour Etudiants Etrangers (IEFEE), a language school in the Universé Paul Cézanne for foreign studts of all levels of ch proficicy
* , an international secondary school in Luynes, on the outskirts of Aix, taking a large number of English-speaking studts.
* The American Universy Cter of Provce, an American study abroad program
* , a small program for American studts studying abroad
* , a private school in Luynes, on the outskirts of Aix
* , a private school in the east of Aix that teaches English IGCSE and A-level examinations as well as the ch Baccalaureate.

Aix also has several training colleges, lycées, and a college of art and design. It has also become a ctre for many international study programmes.

Sir Simon Rattle conducting the Rheingold in 2006

Aix holds two significant musical evts each year. These are:

estival d"Aix--Provc
An important opera festival, the "Festival international d"Art Lyrique" founded in 1948 which now ranks wh those in Bayreuth, Salzburg and Glyndebourne. The currt director is , director of la Monnaie in Brussels. The festival takes place in late June and July each year. The main vues in Aix self are the outdoor Théâtre de l"Archévêché in the former gard of the archbishop"s palace, the rectly restored 18th ctury Théâtre du Jeu de Paume, and the newly built Grand Théâtre de Provce; operas are also staged in the outdoor Théâtre du Grand Saint-Jean outside Aix. Linked to the festival is the Académie européne de musique, a summer school for young musicians wh master classes by celebrated artists. Over the four year period from 2006 until 2009, Sir Simon Rattle"s version of Wagner"s Ring Cycle wh the Berlin Philharmonic is being premiered at the Aix festival.

usique dans la Ru
This takes place each year in June to coincide wh the national "Fête de la Musique." There is a week of classical, jazz and popular concerts held in differt street vues and courtyards in the cy. Some of these evts are held in the Conservatoire Darius Milhaud, named in honour of the ch composer, a native of Aix.

The dance company "Ballet Preljocaj" of the ch dancer and choreographer Angelin Preljocaj has be located in Aix since 1996. In 2007 took up residce in the , a ctre for dance performance, designed in 1999 by the archect Rudy Ricciotti. The ctre is one of ninete of s kind in ance, designated "Ctre chorégraphique national".

useums and Librarie
Granet"s "Pumpkin Harvest" at the Musée Granet
Aix has several museums and galleries:
*Le Musée du Vieil Aix (Museum of Old Aix), housed in two period "hôtels particuliers" and devoted to the history and provcal herage of Aix.
*Le Musée d’Histoire Naturelle (Natural History Museum).
*Le Musée de Tapisseries (Tapestry Museum), housed in the Archbishop"s Palace and wh a collection of tapestries and furnure from the 17th and 18th cturies.
*Le Musée Paul Arbaud (Faïce/Pottery).
*Le Musée Granet, a museum devoted to painting, sculpture and the archeology of Aix. It rectly underwt significant restoration and reorganization, prior to the international exhibion in 2006 marking the ctary of Cézanne"s death. It dramatically overshadows the small dam built by Emile Zola"s father and was a favoure subject and haunt of Paul Cézanne throughout his lifetime. In the village of le Tholonet on the precipous southern side of Mont Sainte-Victoire, there is a windmill that he used and beyond that a mountain hut, the "réfuge Cézanne", where he liked to paint.

To the north, the mountain slopes gtly down through woodland to the village of Vauvargues. The Château of Vauvargues that overlooks the village was formerly occupied the by the Counts of Provce (including Ré of Anjou) and the Archbishops of Aix before became the family home of the marquis de Vauvargues. It was acquired by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso in 1958, who was residt there from 1959 until 1962, wh he moved to Mougins. He and his wife wife Jacqueline are buried in s grounds,
which are not usually op to the public. (Exceptionally the chateau is op to the public from April to September 2009 to coincide wh Picasso exhibions in the south of ance.)

Mont Sainte-Victoire has a complex network of paths, leading to the priory and "Croix de Provce" at the summ, to the large man-made reservoir of Bimont and to the roman viaduct above le Tholonet.

Calissons, a specialty of Aix
Industries formerly included flour-milling, the manufacture of confectionery, iron-ware, hats, matches and the extraction of olive oil.

Currt economic activies include:
* Tourism.
* Entertainmt, particularly opera and dance.
* The semiconductor and electronics industry in Rousset, to the south of Mont St Victoire, specializing in microchip technology for cred cards.
* Education and research. In Aix the Universy of Aix-Marseille specializes in the humanies, law and economics.
* The computer software industry.
* The manufacture of santons, tradional hand-crafted figurines, oft associated wh provcal Christmas creches.
* The manufacture of olive oil.
* The manufacture of "calissons", a lozge-shaped confection made from almonds and crystallised melon. Each year in early September, there is a mass in ch and Provcal in the medieval church of St Jean de Malte to bless the calissons - " la bénédiction des calissons". This ceremony has be held since the sevteth ctury to mark the deliverance of Aix from the plague. It is currtly accompanied by a colourful provcal pageant, involving most of the local calisson manufacturers and their wares.
* Viculture: the local Appellation d"Origine Contrôlée is Coteaux d"Aix--Provce AOC, wh many vineyards betwe Aix and the River Durance to the north. The reputed appellation of Palette AOC is represted by the estates of Château Simone in Meyreuil and Château Crémade in Le Tholonet, to the east of Aix.

* Chocolate: the well known Chocolaterie de Puyricard is suated in the hills to the north of Aix.

TGV viaduct over the river Arc at Roquefavour
A set of ancit roads radiate out from Aix to the surrounding countryside, the Pays d"Aix. There are also a large number of modern autoroutes connecting Aix to nearby towns. There are autoroutes northwards to Avignon and to the Luberon; southwards to Marseille; and eastwards to Aubagne and the Mederranean coast of Provce; and to Nice and other towns on the ch Riviera. Aix and Marseille are equidistant from the international airport of Marseille-Provce (MRS) at Marignane on the Etang de Berre. There is a frequt bus shuttle service from the main bus station in Aix. This shuttle also serves the nearby TGV station "Aix-TGV" at l"Arbois, in the middle of the countryside about from Aix.

At Aix-TGV the line from Paris branches to Marseille and Nice; takes about 3 hours to get from Paris to Aix by TGV. Aix also has a railway station near the ctre, but the single track line which connects Marseille to Aix, and from there to the Luberon and Briancon in the ch Alps, is currtly only partially in service during modernisation. Marseille-Aix-Pertuis. A frequt and rapid shuttle bus service for commuters operates betwe the bus station in Aix and Marseille. There are many other long distance and local buses from the bus station.

In the town self, there is an inexpsive and efficit municipal bus service, including a dial-a-bus service ("proxibus"), a park-and-ride service and tiny electrified buses for those wh mobily problems. The ctral old town of Aix is for the most part pedestrianised. There are large underground and overground parking structures placed at regular intervals on the "boulevard exterieur", the predominantly one-way ring road that circles the old town. Access to the old town is by a series of oft narrow one-way streets that can be confusing to navigate for the uniniated."Aix--Provce", Plan Guide Blay-Foldex.

As in many other ch cies, a short-term bicycle hire scheme nicknamed "V"Hello", free for trips of less than half an hour, has rectly be put in place by the town council: and has be popular wh tourists. As well as overland routes, two "rivers" flow through Aix, the Arc and the Torse, but neher of them can remotely be described as navigable.

The local Aix dialect, rarely used and spok by a rapidly decreasing number of people, is part of the provcal dialect of Occan language. The provcal for "Aix--Provce" is "Ais de Prouvènço" . Most of the older streets in Aix have names in both Provcal and ch.

Aix hosted the ninth International Congress of Modern Archecture in 1953.

Aix is the home town of the rugby union team Pays d"Aix RC. It played host to the All Blacks during the early stages of the 2007 Rugby World Cup.

Ysabel, the tth novel of the best-selling Canadian author Guy Gavriel Kay, was set and wrt in Aix.

nternational relation

win towns — sister cie
Aix--Provce is officially twinned
wh the following sev cies (in alphabetical order):

* Ashkelon, Israel since 1995
* Bath, Uned Kingdom since 1977
* Carthage, Tunisia since 1993
* Coimbra, Portugal since 1982
* Granada, Spain since 1978
* Perugia, Italy since 1970
* Tübing, many since 1960

In addion Aix has international cooperations, partnerships and exchanges wh the following cies from all over the world: Oujda (Morocco) since 1997, Baalbeck (Lebanon), Bamako (Mali), Baton Rouge(USA), Coral Gables (USA), Philadelphia (USA) since 1998, Chaoyang (China), Foshan (China), Meguro (Japan) and Kumamoto (Japan).

eople from Ai
ançois Marius Granet
Paul Cézanne (1861)
Hélène Grimaud
Aix--Provce was the birthplace of:
* Eleanor of Provce (died 1291), que consort of King Hry III of England
* Charles Annibal Fabrot, (1580–1659), ch jurist, born in Aix
* David-Augustin de Brueys, (1640–1723) theologian and playwright
* Joseph Pton de Tournefort, (1656–1708), botanist
* André Campra 1660–1744, composer and conductor
* Jean-Baptiste van Loo (1684–1745), painter
* Laurt Beliss, (1693–1762), baroque composer
* Joseph Lieutaud, (1703–1780), doctor to Louis XV of ance
* Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvargues, (1715-1747), wrer and moralist
* Joseph Sec, (1715–1794), a carpter and an archect
* Jean-ançois Pierre Peyron, (1744–1814), painter
* Jean-Baptiste Giraud, (1752–1830), sculptor
* Toussaint-Bernard Éméric-David, (1755–1839), archeologist and arts wrer
* Antoine Balthazar Joachim d"André, (1759–1825), member of the National Constut Assembly of 1789
* ançois Marius Granet (1775–1849), painter
* Charles-Joseph-Euge de Mazod (1782–1861), bishop of Marseille and founder of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate
* ançois Mignet, (1796–1884), historian
* ançois Vinct Latil, (1796–1890), ch painter
* Achille Emperaire, (1829–1898), ch painter, frids wh Paul Cézanne
* Paul Cézanne (1839–1906), painter who lived and painted in the cy
* Philippe Solari, (1840–1906), ch sculptor
* Baptistin Baille, (1841-1918), professor of optics and acoustics
* Maurice Rouvier (1842–), polician
* Alfred Capus (1858–1922), playwright, member of the Académie française
* Hri Brémond (1864–1933), theologian
*Armand Lunel, (1892–1977), last known speaker of Shuad
* Darius Milhaud (1892–1984), composer and teacher Since their marriage in 1892, Milhaud"s parts lived in the "Bras d"Or" in Aix--Provce, where their son grew up; however he was delivered at the home of his maternal grandparts in Marseille.
*Paul Veyne, (born in 1930), historian and archeologist
* Julia Zemiro (born 1967), ch-Australian actor and host of Australian television program Rockwiz
* Hélène Grimaud (born 1969), concert pianist
* anck Cammas (born 1972), Professional racing sailor
* Arnaud Clémt (born 1977), professional tnis player, finalist at the Australian Op in 2001

amous residt
Edouard Manet, "Portra of Émile Zola", 1868, Musée d"Orsay
* Saint Maximin, the early Christian disciple and first bishop of Aix, who according to provcal tradion evangelised Aix wh Mary Magdal
* Saint Mre, the Christian martyr who died in Aix in 466 and whose relics are preserved in the Cathedral
* Barthélemy d"Eyck, painter
* Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, (1580–1637), a scitist best known for his correspondce
* Jean Daret, (1613–1668), the ch painter, who died in Aix
* Pierre Joseph Garidel, (1658–1737), the botanist
* Jean-Baptiste Marie de Piquet, Marquis of Méjanes, (1729–1786), who bequeathed to the town his collection of betwe 60 and 80 thousand books, which later became the municipal library, the Bibliothèque Méjanes
* Jean de Dieu-Raymond de Cucé de Boisgelin (1732–1804), Archbishop of Aix.
* Victor d"Hupay, (1746–1818), wrer and philosopher
*Jean-Antoine Constantin, (1756–1844), painter
* Ambroise Roux-Alphéran, (1776–1858), a clerk of court and historian
* Émile Zola (1840–1902), the novelist, who was born in Paris but spt his childhood in Aix
* Joseph Ravaisou, (1865–1925), ch painter, who died in Aix
* Louise main, (1874–1939), ch painter, who died in Aix
* Joseph d"Arbaud, (1874–1950), ch poet, who died in Aix
* Christophe Rousset, (born 1961), ch conductor and harpsichordist, who grew up in Aix
Melanie Pain - Singer (Nouvelle Vague), Birth date unknown -


File:Barthélemy d" Eyck 002.jpg | Altarpiece by Barthélemy d"Eyck
File:Aix--Provce Mausolee Joseph Sec 09 20061227.jpg | Joseph Sec Mausoleum in revolutionary style
File:Aix--Provce_Mausolee_Joseph_Sec_04_20061227.jpg | Detail of Mausoleum
File:Aix--Provce Thermes Sextius 2 20061227.jpg | Medieval town wall near Roman baths
File:Aix--Provce-Fountain-Oct-2001.jpeg | Place des Tanneurs
File:Aix--Provce_Re_Ier_de_Naples_4_20061227.jpg | Statue of le Roi Ré
File:Aix - le roi Ré.jpg| Detail of le Roi Ré
File:Aix--Provce_Fontaine_des_Quatre-Dauphins_20061227.jpg | Place des Quatre Dauphins, towards boulevard exterieur
File:Aix--Provce_Musee_des_tapisseries_2_20061227.jpg | The archbishop"s palace, opera house and tapestry museum
File:Aix--Provce_Hotel_de_ville_2_20061227.jpg | Clock tower, Hotel de Ville
File:Aix--Provce_Hotel_de_ville_3_20061227.jpg | Detail of mechanical clock
File:Aix--Provce Bureau de Poste 20061227.jpg | The Corn Exchange
File:Dome-Saint-Sauveur-Aix.jpg|Cathedral Saint-Sauveur, Dome
File:Aix--Provce Cathedrale Saint-Sauveur 1 20061227.jpg | Cathedral Saint-Sauveur
File:Aix--Provce_Saint-Jean-de-Malte_1_20061227.jpg | St Jean de Malte, rue Cardinale
File:Aix--Provce Eglise de la Madeleine 20061227.jpg | Eglise de la Madeleine, place des Precheurs
File:Paul Cézanne 079.jpg |Jas de Bouffan, Paul Cezanne
File:Paul Cézanne 083.jpg | Jas de Bouffan, Paul Cezanne
File:Pavillon-Vdome.jpg | The Vdome Pavilion
File:Aix--Provce_Publice_murale_20061227.jpg | Mural advertisemt
File:Atlante-Aix-licse.jpg | Atlas on a doorway in Aix
File:Place-Albertas-Aix.jpg|The place d"Albertas
File:Fontaine-Albertas.jpg| Fountain in the place d"Albertas
File:Aix--Provce_Hotel_Estine_de_Saint-Jean_20061227.jpg| Door carving in Aix
File:Clock-Precheurs-Aix.jpg|Mechanical clock, place des Precheurs
File:Marche-Richelme-Aix.jpg|Daily vegetable market, place Richelme
File:Provcal-delicacies.jpg | Provcal confectionery
File:Les-Fontetes-Aix.jpg|Baroque fountain in Aix
File:Aix--Provce-Cours-Mirabeau-Oct-2001.jpeg | The cours Mirabeau
File:Aix - marché tradionnel .jpg |Provcal market
File:Aix--Provce-Les-Bains-Oct-2001.jpeg | The modern spa in Aix
File:FondationAix.JPG | The Vasarely Foundation

ee als
* Archbishopric of Aix
* Aurelian Way
* Laboratoire Parole et Langage




xternal link

* available from the Tourist Office

Category:Communes of Bouches-du-Rhône

an:Ais de Provça
bg:Екс ан Прованс
ca:Ais de Provça
la:Aquae Sextiae
mk:Екс ан Прованс
oc:Ais de Provça
sr:Екс ан Прованс
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 25.06.2022 16:47 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.


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Tipps der Redaktion aus dem Reiseportal
|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
|population = 2203817|population ranking = 1st in France|urban area km2 = 2,723|urban area date = 1999|urban pop = 10,142,983|urban pop date = 2006|metro area km2 = 14518.3|metro area date = 1999|metro area pop = 11,769,433|metro area pop date =
"Marseille" (in English also "Marseilles", ; ; locally ; in Occitan "Marselha" or "Marsiho", pronounced ), formerly known as "Massalia" (from ), is the 2nd most populous French city as well as the oldest city in France. It forms the third-largest
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The 31-year-old man who drove a delivery truck down 2 kilometres of Nice's seaside promenade, killing 84 people celebrating Bastille Day, had envisaged such a terrorist attack for months before getting behind the wheel, a French prosecutor said Thursday.
France is heading for an unprecedented four-way contest in the first round of its presidential vote on April 23, according to opinion polls. Paris (dpa) - Far-right leader Marine Le Pen and centrist Emmanuel Macron are out in front, the polls
Emmanuel Macron won the French presidential election on Sunday by what is expected to be a huge margin, as leaders in France and beyond hailed it as a victory for the European Union. Paris (dpa) - He won with between 65 and 66 per cent of the vote,


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