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Ahlen

Germany, Ahlen
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"Ahlen" () is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is part of the District of Warendorf and is economically the most important town in the district. Ahlen is part of the larger Münster region, and of the historical Münsterland area.
The nearby villages of Dolberg, Vorhelm and Tönnishäuschen
are part of Ahlen as well. The largest neighboring town is the city of Hamm to the southeast.

Geography
thumb
Neighbouring Towns
Surrounding Ahlen are the towns of Sendenhorst, Ennigerloh, Beckum, Lippetal, Heessen (District of the city of Hamm) and Drensteinfurt.

Town Districts
* Ahlen (downtown) with the farming communities of Borbein, Brockhausen, Ester, Halene, Oestrich and Rosendahl (area of the former town parts of Alt- and Neuahlen) all make up the core of the town.

Outlying Villages Making Up Remaining Districts

* Dolberg
* Vorhelm
* Tönnishäuschen

History
Early Times
The name of the town was first mentioned around the year 850 in the Vita Liudgeri II. The reasoning behind the name Ahlen, which literally means "eels", is unexplained. The decorated eel in the coat of arms is a canting representation of the town"s name.
The origin of the settlement is possibly due to a crossing over the river Werse, which was also the crossing of two important roads (Hamm–Ahlen–Warendorf and Beckum–Ahlen–Herbern) and the origin of a third road (Ahlen–Münster).
In its early centuries, the slow-growing settlement was built around an episcopal court. Within the safe haven of this church fortification, the first settlers were craftsmen and merchants who traded with the local farmers and peasants of the court.
Long-distance trading started in the second half of the 12th century - proof being the names of Ahlen merchants found on invoices from merchants in Lübeck. Ahlen was also part of the north German Hanse. During this time a town wall with five towers was built (circa 1271). The removal of the town wall had begun in 1765 and the last remnant had vanished by 1929.

Driveway at House Vorhelm
St. Bartholomäus Church in Ahlen
St. Marien Church in Ahlen
Plaque commemorating the founding of the Zentrumspartei

It seems that the town grew very fast in the 13th century. In approximately the year 1285, the population was so high that a new church (St. Marien) was founded next to the old one (St. Bartholomäus). This development leads to the conclusion that Ahlen was one of the 18 largest towns in Westphalia at the time.
However, the growth of the town stopped in the 14th century due the Black Death. In the citizen book of 1389 only 63 families were left. In 1454 a citizen list again contained 212 families. Based on this number of families a calculated population estimate of 1300 citizens would be realistic. At this point the town had four quarters which were named after their respective town gates; all four quarters were about the same size.
Each town quarter was responsible for the defense of its part of the town wall and gate. In 1454, seven noble families and their attendants lived in the episcopal court.

During the 16th century, there were three plague epidemics in 1505, 1551 and 1592 - leprosy also killed many people. In the year 1571, the mayor and the council decided to build a special hospital for leprosy. Disastrous fires in 1483, 1668 and 1744 were responsible for halting further growth of the town.

About 20 documents of witch trials during the time from 1574 until 1652 survived. The hunt for witches started in 1574 with the death of four women. Peter Kleikamp was charged with being a werewolf; he was tortured and burned alive on the pyre. 1616 Christian zum Loe was charged with wizardry; he went insane and died while in jail. The last known case was in 1652 against Anna Sadelers; she was tortured, burned alive on the pyre and beheaded.

First Industrial Period
Second Industrial Period
National Socialism and WWII
After WWII
Politics
Town Council


Coat of Arms
Sister Cities
Partnerships are set with the following towns:
* Tempelhof-Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany
* Teltow, Brandenburg, Germany
* Penzberg, Bavaria, Germany
* Differdange (Differdingen), Luxemburg
Ahlen is member of the Hanse.

Mayors
Gallery of myors in the old town hall 1809–1996, by Jürgen Rheker

1809–1945
* 1809–1813 Bernard Heinrich Hahues
* 1813–1817 Bernard Anton von Hatzfeld
* 1817–1822 Heinrich Anton Nacke
* 1823–1856 Franz Wächter
* 1857–1863 Theodor von Cloedt
* 1863–1869 Wilhelm Diederich
* 1869–1870 Ludwig Fry
* 1870–1898 Johann Heinrich Hagemann
* 1898–1923 Eduard Corneli
* 1923–1934 Georg Rasche
* 1934–1937 Franz Hackethal
* 1938–1945 Otto Jansen

Honorary Mayors 1946–1996
* 1946–1946 Friedrich Niemeyer
* 1946–1948 Hermann Dreisilker (Waldmann)
* 1948–1950 Hugo Stoffers
* 1951–1957 Heinrich Lenfert
* 1957–1969 Heinrich Linnemann
* 1969–1984 Herbert Faust
* 1984–1996 Horst Jaunich

Full-time Mayors since 1996
* 1996–1999 Günter Harms
* since 1999 Benedikt Ruhmöller

Town Directors/Main Civil Servants
* 1945–1945 Wilhelm Buschhoff (set as mayor from English occupying troops in the function as town director)
* 1945–1951 Wilhelm Kiwit
* 1951–1963 Hugo Stoffers
* 1963–1975 Johannes Baldauf
* 1975–1985 Walter Priesnitz
* 1985–1995 Gerd Willamowski
* 2008 Benedikt Ruhmöller

Economy and Administration
Business
One of the best known companies in Ahlen is Franz Kaldewei GmbH & Co. KG, one of the biggest bathtub manufacturers worldwide. Also well known is , which was bought by Apax Partners in 2004.

Fire Department
Transportation
Road Traffic
Air Traffic
Railroad Transport
Bus Transport

They could not afford any bus transport. tm.

Education
Elementary Schools
* Albert-Schweitzer-Schule
* Augustin-Wibbelt-Schule in the quarter Vorhelm
* Barbaraschule
* Diesterwegschule
* Don-Bosco-Schule
* Freiligrath Grundschule
* Lambertischule in the quarter Dolberg
* Ludgerischule
* Marienschule
* Martinschule
* Paul-Gerhardt-Schule

Secondary Modern Schools
* GHS Bodelschwinghschule
* Overbergschule
* Geschwister-Scholl-Schule

Junior High School (ages 10 to 16)
* Städtische Realschule Ahlen

High Schools
* Gymnasium St. Michael
* Städtisches Gymnasium Ahlen

Comprehensive School
* Fritz-Winter-Gesamtschule

Special Needs School
* Johanna-Rose-Schule

Vocational Schools
* Berufskolleg Ahlen
* Berufskolleg St. Michael
* Fachschulen für Heilerziehungspflege der Caritas-Trägergesellschaft Nord
* Fachseminar für Altenpflege Gemeinnütziges Bildungszentrum GmbH
* Krankenpflegeschule im St.-Franziskus-Hospital Berufskolleg Ahlen

Places of Interest
Buildings
St. Bartholomäus Catholic Church
St. Marien Catholic Church
Residential Buildings
Burgmannshöfe
Museums
Heimatmuseum
Kunstmuseum
Fritz Winter-Haus
Clubs
KunstVerein Ahlen
Initiative Bürgerzentrum Schuhfabrik e.V.
Kino
Economy
Ahlen"s economy was dominated by the coal industry for nearly one century.

Notable persons
It is also the birthplace of Valencia CF footballer, Curro Torres.

eference


External links
*





Category:Towns in North Rhine-Westphalia

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lv:Ālena
nl:Ahlen
ja:アーレン (ノルトライン=ヴェストファーレン)
no:Ahlen
nn:Ahlen
nds:Aulen
pl:Ahlen
pt:Ahlen
ro:Ahlen
ru:Ален
fi:Ahlen
sv:Ahlen
vo:Ahlen
Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 19.08.2022 17:03 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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|pop_date = 2008-12-31|pop_urban = 3700000|pop_metro = 5000000|elevation = 34 - 115|GDP = 81.7|GDP_year = 2007|Website = / |leader_title = Governing Mayor|leader = Klaus Wowereit|leader_party = SPD|ruling_party1 = SPD|ruling_party2 = Die Linke|votes
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|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
|pop_date = 2007-10-31|pop_metro = 4300000|GDP = 86.153|GDP_year = 2006|GDP_percent = 3.9|Website = |leader_title = First Mayor|leader = Ole von Beust|leader_party = CDU|ruling_party1 = CDU|ruling_party2 = Green
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