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Acerra

Italy, Acerra
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"Acerra" is a town and "comune" of Campania, southern Italy, in the , about 20 km northeast of the provincial capal in Naples. It is part of the Agro Nolano plain.

istor
Acerra is one of the most ancient cies of the region, probably founded by the Osci wh the name of ""Akeru"" (Latin: ""Acerrae""). It was the first Roman cy that was granted the status of "civas sine suffragio" (332 BC).

Acerra was destroyed by Hannibal in 216 BC, but was restored in 210 BC.

Acerra served as a Roman base during the Social War in 90 BC.Canby, Courtlandt. "The Encyclopedia of Historic Places". (New York: Facts of File Publicantions, 1984) p. 6

In 826 the Lombards built here a castle, later destroyed by Bono of Naples. In 881 was sacked by the Saracens. Later was a Norman possession, the seat of a county. As part of the Kingdom of Naples, was a fief of the Aquino, the Origlia, the Orsini del Balzo and, from 1496 until 1812, the Cardenas. From 1927 was part of the province of Terra di Lavoro.

In July 2005 a statue of the Virgin Mary in St Peter"s Church was said to move and take on a pink colour.

nfluence of Camorr
Acerra has been in the spotlight recently in regard to the growing problem of the disposal and treatment of industrial and urban waste in the area. Acerra, Nola, and Marigliano had been identified as the three points of the so-called "Triangle of Death" in which illegal waste management by criminal organizations ("ecomafia") have resulted in environmental condions endangering the health of the region"s people.

In October 2000, the Italian Parliament approved the findings of a commission which studied activies in Campania by the Camorra, which had been profing from illegal waste management activies.

The scientific journal "The Lancet Oncology" published in 2004 a study by the Italian researcher Alfredo Mazza, a physiologist at the Italian CNR (Centro Nazionale per la Ricerca): this study revealed the terrible suation in the countryside of Campania and the negative impact on the people"s health. He demonstrated that the deaths by cancer in that region are much higher than the European average.

ain sight
*Acerra Cathedral, originally built over an ancient temple of Hercules and remade in the 19th century. It houses some Baroque canvasses from the 17th century. Annexed is the Bishop"s Palace.
*Church of "Corpus Domini" (16th century).
*Church of "Annunziata" (15th century), wh a 12th century crucifix and a 15th century "Annunciation" attributed to Dello Delli.
*Church of "San Pietro" (16th-17th centuries)
*Baronal Castle.
*Archaeological area of Suessula.

References

ource
*Senior, Kathryn, and Alfredo Mazza. . "The Lancet Journal", Vol. 5, No. 9. 1 September 2004. (Retrieved from Uonna Club web se, 23 September 2006).
*Bianchi, Fabrizio, Pietro Comba, Marcio Martuzzi, Raffaele Palombino, and Renato Pizzuti. . "The Lancet Oncology", Vol. 5. December 2004. (Retrieved from the , 23 September 2006).

xternal link
* , an article about the Camorra in Campania (October 2000).
* , published by the Italian newspaper Repubblica. (2004).
* in William Smh’s "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography" (1854).





Category:Cies and towns in Campania
Category:History of the Camorra in Italy
Category:Castles in Italy

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Dieser Artikel stammt aus der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia und kann dort bearbeitet werden. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike verfügbar. Fassung vom 05.07.2022 09:19 von den Wikipedia-Autoren.
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